Law School Discussion

New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (45/50 questions)

New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (45/50 questions)
« on: October 01, 2006, 04:02:40 AM »
The updated list is the second message in this thread.

I tried to update the list from pg. 17 onwards. I think we figured out five additional questions since Duhon stopped updating. They are at the bottom of the list in the second message, #39-45 under, "NEW/UPDATED"

If there are any from that thread that were added after the list stopped being updated which I neglected to include here, please let me know.

Also, please look over the debated/uncertain questions so we can peg these down.

DEBATED QUESTIONS/QUESTIONS WITHOUT A CERTAIN ANSWER:

2. Journalists using old photographs for current events *ASSUMPTION* (JUSTIFY?)
Answer: right answer connected two open-ended premises – something like representing present events as similar to past events will mislead readers (?); correct answer involved “distorts history” as part of a S/N statement

10. Smokers, higher heart disease, higher caffeine use, caffeine positively correlated with heart disease *FLAW* [DEBATED]
Answer: Fails to consider that caffeine might decrease risk of heart disease
Answer: fails to consider that those smokers with higher caffeine use are not the same as those smokers with higher heart disease

16. Mountain climbers, congnitive responses slower, cognitive function of brain separate from rest of brain *FLAW*
Answer: Fails to consider that high altitudes can reduce blood flow to entire brain [DEBATED]

21. Psychotherapy depends on common aspects of all psychotherapy, not specific techniques *WEAKEN OR FLAW*
Answer: Laymen/Trained no difference? Psychotherapists have vastly varying techniques? [DEBATED]

25. Fast food restaurants didn't lay off employees after minimum wage increase *PARADOX*
Answer: Less turnover, so less recruiting costs [ARE WE SURE ON THIS ONE?]

Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (45/50 questions)
« Reply #1 on: October 01, 2006, 04:03:05 AM »
1. Landlord-tenant, pre-existing damage to property *MUST BE TRUE*
Answer: Window not on pre-damage list was broken by circumstances outside the tenant's control

2. Journalists using old photographs for current events *ASSUMPTION* (JUSTIFY?)
Answer: right answer connected two open-ended premises – something like representing present events as similar to past events will mislead readers (?); correct answer involved “distorts history” as part of a S/N statement

3. Supermarket layout, bread in the back *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: Manipulating people can have unwanted consequences

4. Exercise and diet just as effective as medicine *ASSUMPTION*
Answer: Changes is one's diet and exercise have none or less side effects than taking medicine

5. Asteroid did not cause triceratops extinction *PARALLEL*
Answer: Flood did not cause fire

6. Mayor influenced TV station to broadcast a certain news company *WEAKEN*
Answer: Mayor also influenced for an opponent's supporter

7. Tax cuts for wealthy, progressive taxes *MAIN IDEA*
Answer: Tax breaks for everyone still disproportionately help the wealthy
(I don't think TCR emphasized progressive taxes. I think this was a straight-forward main idea question with TCR being almost verbatim from the argument.)

8. Prefrontal cortex and children not following instructions for distinguishing colors *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: Children sometimes do not intentionally disobey instructions

9. Need some fat for carrot vitamin A digestion, even though fat is unhealthy *REASONING*
Answer: To tell people not to go to extremes on the diet generally recommended.

10. Smokers, higher heart disease, higher caffeine use, caffeine positively correlated with heart disease *FLAW* [DEBATED]
Answer: Fails to consider that caffeine might decrease risk of heart disease
Answer: fails to consider that those smokers with higher caffeine use are not the same as those smokers with higher heart disease

11. Melatonin study, insomniacs *STRENGTHEN* [DEBATED]
Answer: Insomniacs included in study experience significantly less effects of melatonin
Alternate: None of the insomniacs included in study experienced significant improvements in sleeping

12. Diverse political parties, compromise, better democracy *ASSUMPTION*
Answer: Compromise leads to efficient legislation

13. First day fishing trip, 2 fish submitted for weighing, average was X lbs *FLAW*
Answer: Sample likely to have been unrepresentative

14. Dumping CO2 in ocean to prevent global warming is not bad *MAIN IDEA*
Answer: The claim that putting CO2 in ocean will harm the environment is unfounded

15. If dude shows up, then girl would not like party, girl liked party, dude must not have showed up *PARALLEL*
Answer: If girl late for bus then girl late for work, not late for work, not late for bus

16. Mountain climbers, congnitive responses slower, cognitive function of brain separate from rest of brain *FLAW*
Answer: Fails to consider that high altitudes can reduce blood flow to entire brain [DEBATED]

17. 3 types of pesticide, THX less harmful than other 2, THX shouldn't be banned *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: Something that is less harmful than other thing shouldn't be banned if other thing isn't banned
Incorrect Answer: "harmless" instead of "harmful" (none of the drugs were harmless)

18. Travel reviews, more people have already traveled, harder task for writers *REASONING* (what role?)
Answer: Explains how more people who have already traveled has changed the task of travel writing

19. Motor oils all same in effectiveness, cheapest motor oil is best to get *FLAW*
Answer: Fails to consider that wear on pistons is not the only criteria to judge quality of motor oil

20. Omega-3 fatty acids, 2 fish per week is healthier than no fish *FLAW*
Answer: Fails to consider the people who ate 2 fish per week may be healthier for other reasons (CR involved term “cardio-vascular”)

21. Psychotherapy depends on common aspects of all psychotherapy, not specific techniques *WEAKEN OR FLAW* [DEBATED]
Answer: Laymen/Trained no difference? Psychotherapists have vastly varying techniques? Fails to consider long-term effects of psychotherapy only considers the short-term effects?

22. Mediation only for those who can compromise, judicial for all else. Ideologically motivated individuals are unwilling to compromise.
Answer: Only those willing to compromise should do mediation

23. Bacteria in seafood in restaurant made people sick, some did not eat seafood, research concludes seafood was cause of illnesses nonetheless *STRENGTHEN*
Answer: Everyone in study who was sick had eaten the same particular seafood

24. People who value money want high income over good conditions
Answer: Values are reliable indicator of actions
Incorrect Answer: Actions are reliable indicator of values

25. Fast food restaurants didn't lay off employees after minimum wage increase *PARADOX*
Answer: Less turnover, so less recruiting costs [ARE WE SURE ON THIS ONE?]

26. Scientists should discuss what incentives they have for certain research. *PARALLEL*
Answer: Financial advisor should disclose connections to investments he advises clients to make

27. Two groups of students, same articles, different headlines, different interpretations *INFERENCE*
Answer: Headlines can influence how articles are interpreted

28. People not skeptical have clouded version of reality, people skeptical are overcritical of reality *MUST BE TRUE*
Answer: If you don't have emotional responses to the world, then you have a cloudy mind.

29. Elderly who moved to a town in the last five years had better health or insurance than elderly who lived there their whole lives *PARADOX EXCEPT*
Answer: Young people moved into the town and original townspeople were old (C)
Incorrect answer choices
D. quality of insurance was poorer for that town than the rest of the community
E. those who were able to relocate to a new place had better health

30. Warm weather causes increased humidity *PARALLEL FLAW*
Answer: Eating fruits and vegetables makes you healthy; This guy eats fruits and vegetables so he must be healthy.

31. Titles, first and last words capitalized, conjunction not capitalized unless 5 letters or more *MUST BE TRUE*
Answer: If word is in middle and capitalized, then not conjunction with less than 5 letters.

32. We use less chemicals that produce acid rain, effect of acid rain on environment will decrease *WEAKEN EXCEPT*
Answer: Some environmental systems developed an efficient way to counteract the effects of acid rain

33. Censorship morally wrong, actor refuses role, censors himself, not morally wrong *FLAW*
Answer: Makes unjustified assumption that actor refusing role is same as the type of censorship mentioned

34. Aristotle's principle, dentist seeing friends after hours *POINT AT ISSUE*
Answer: Extra benefits for friends is subject to Aristotle's principle

35. Herbal medicine as effective as chemical medicine *ASSUMPTION*
Answer: Herbal medicine does not contain any chemicals

36. Walking against street lights is safer than walking with street lights *FLAW*
Answer: Fails to consider frequency of sample/that more people walk with street lights than against street lights

37. Reduce fossil fuel emissions, others (chemical plants in the past) reduced something else without reducing profits *STRENGTHEN*
Answer: Reducing fossil fuel emissions would not harm profits as much as reducing the other one did

38. Do not use this drug therapy, it causes harmful side effects like X, Y, and Z *FLAW*
Answer: Fails to consider consequences of not using the drug

NEW/UPDATED

39. Why do people with shopping lists buying on sale items spend more than people buying comparable # of items without shopping lists? *PARADOX*
Answer: The only items that go on sale are those that are really expensive to begin with
Incorrect Answer: shopping list people bought more items; stimulus sneaks in that the two groups bought about the same # of items

40. Columnist says that people are judged by moral consequences of their actions but sometimes a cook can do something unintentionally that makes someone sick and still be judged morally responsible and at fault *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: People are sometimes held morally responsible for things they don’t intend to do/things beyond their control [?]

41. Person A says Government should fund scientific research that has only a theoretical application; Person B says government should fund certain things involving environment and nature (i.e. practical applications) *POINT AT ISSUE*
Answer (tentative): The government should fund basic scientific research when there is no hope that it will do something useful or practical.

42. City council accused of not being sincere about intentions in declaring that it wants to decrease unnecessary traffic in mall to make it easier for people to shop since the attainment of the goal would likely be impossible anyway.  *FLAW?*
Answer: Argument presumes, without providing justification, that in order to be the goal, that goal must be possible or that goal is achieved

43. Some economists claim that a country/industry cannot progress unless a substantial investment is made in technology and thus this country/industry will not progress.  *ASSUMPTION*
Answer (tentative): this country does not make a substantial investment in technology

44. Two types of architecture, combining them will combine all aspects of both of them *FLAW*
Answer: Assumes that the constituent parts do not hurt each other aesthetically when combined

45. Art is beautiful and informative; nature is often beautiful and informative; nature is art *FLAW*
Answer: Presumes that things sharing same qualities are part of same group/otherwise similar

Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #2 on: October 01, 2006, 05:19:20 AM »
Pretty sure the answer for 43 was something along the lines of "investment this country makes is too small to increase productivity."

Because the way the question was worded didn't say a "substantial" investment in technology had to be made.  It just said that for any additional increase in productivity a country must make some investment in technology.  Then said country made a small investment in technology.  Then said it won't have increase in productivity. 

What has to be assumed? 

That the investment isn't substantial enough to increase productivity.  Maybe that is the answer you're eluding to though, in which case excuse me my brain still kind of hurts.  At least at this point I don't know if it is LSAT or hangover.

Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #3 on: October 01, 2006, 05:57:16 AM »
10. Fails to consider that caffeine might decrease risk of heart disease in smokers.

11. None of the insomniacs included in study experienced significant improvements in sleeping

21. Psychotherapy depends on common aspects of all psychotherapy. *Flaw*
It fails to consider the long-term effects of psychotherapy and only considers the short-term effects

22. Mediation only for those who can compromise. Judicial for all else. Ideologically motivated individuals are unwilling to compromise.
Answer: Ideological individuals should not pursue mediation.

26. Scientists should discuss what incentives they have for incorrect research.
Financial advisor should disclose incentives to clients for particular investments

29. Elderly who moved to a town had better health than elderly who lived there their entire lives *Paradox Except*

37. Reduce fossil fuel emissions, other reduced carbon somethings without reducing profits *Strengthen*
Reducing fossil fuel emissions would not harm profits as much as reducing the other thing did.

40. Answer: People are sometimes held morally responsible for things beyond their control.

41. Answer: The government should fund basic scientific research when there is no hope that it will do something useful or practical.

42. Answer: The argument presumes without providing justification that in order to be the goal, it must be possible that the goal is achieved.

sladkaya

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Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #4 on: October 01, 2006, 06:08:34 AM »
30. Warm weather causes increased humidity *WHAT IS THIS?*
Answer: I think that’s a parallel question with a mistaken reversal. 

>>>>Correct answer said something like “Eating fruits and veggies makes you healthy.  This guy is healthy, so he must eat fruits and veggies.”

40. Columnist says that people are judged by moral consequences of their actions but sometimes a cook can do something unintentionally that makes someone sick and still be judged morally responsible and at fault *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: People are sometimes held morally responsible for things they don’t intend to do

>>>>  Hmm, I picked “sometimes we do not give a fair assessment of the morality of someone’s actions”.  The example talked about a cook unintentionally putting an ingredient into the meal that wasn’t normally there, and a person who is allergic to the ingredient eating the meal and dying.  Author said that under normal circumstances such action would be viewed as absent-minded, but since it resulted in death people would say cook’s action was immoral.  Are we talking about the same answer choice?

Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #5 on: October 01, 2006, 06:12:08 AM »


40. Columnist says that people are judged by moral consequences of their actions but sometimes a cook can do something unintentionally that makes someone sick and still be judged morally responsible and at fault *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: People are sometimes held morally responsible for things they don’t intend to do

>>>>  Hmm, I picked “sometimes we do not give a fair assessment of the morality of someone’s actions”.  The example talked about a cook unintentionally putting an ingredient into the meal that wasn’t normally there, and a person who is allergic to the ingredient eating the meal and dying.  Author said that under normal circumstances such action would be viewed as absent-minded, but since it resulted in death people would say cook’s action was immoral.  Are we talking about the same answer choice?

No those two answers were different i thought. I picked that some people are sometimes held morally responsible for things...

Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #6 on: October 01, 2006, 06:14:34 AM »
30. Warm weather causes increased humidity *WHAT IS THIS?*
Answer: I think that’s a parallel question with a mistaken reversal. 

>>>>Correct answer said something like “Eating fruits and veggies makes you healthy.  This guy is healthy, so he must eat fruits and veggies.”

40. Columnist says that people are judged by moral consequences of their actions but sometimes a cook can do something unintentionally that makes someone sick and still be judged morally responsible and at fault *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: People are sometimes held morally responsible for things they don’t intend to do

>>>>  Hmm, I picked “sometimes we do not give a fair assessment of the morality of someone’s actions”.  The example talked about a cook unintentionally putting an ingredient into the meal that wasn’t normally there, and a person who is allergic to the ingredient eating the meal and dying.  Author said that under normal circumstances such action would be viewed as absent-minded, but since it resulted in death people would say cook’s action was immoral.  Are we talking about the same answer choice?


I agree with how you remembered the first question. For the second question, there's no discussion of what's "fair" and what's "not fair." It might be that considering the unforseen consequences IS fair.

Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #7 on: October 01, 2006, 06:18:01 AM »
30. Warm weather causes increased humidity *WHAT IS THIS?*
Answer: I think that’s a parallel question with a mistaken reversal. 

>>>>Correct answer said something like “Eating fruits and veggies makes you healthy.  This guy is healthy, so he must eat fruits and veggies.”

40. Columnist says that people are judged by moral consequences of their actions but sometimes a cook can do something unintentionally that makes someone sick and still be judged morally responsible and at fault *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: People are sometimes held morally responsible for things they don’t intend to do

>>>>  Hmm, I picked “sometimes we do not give a fair assessment of the morality of someone’s actions”.  The example talked about a cook unintentionally putting an ingredient into the meal that wasn’t normally there, and a person who is allergic to the ingredient eating the meal and dying.  Author said that under normal circumstances such action would be viewed as absent-minded, but since it resulted in death people would say cook’s action was immoral.  Are we talking about the same answer choice?


I agree with how you remembered the first question. For the second question, there's no discussion of what's "fair" and what's "not fair." It might be that considering the unforseen consequences IS fair.
I think it said some people are held morally responsible for actions they did not intend or something like that.

dusya4

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Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #8 on: October 01, 2006, 06:25:05 AM »


40. Columnist says that people are judged by moral consequences of their actions but sometimes a cook can do something unintentionally that makes someone sick and still be judged morally responsible and at fault *PRINCIPLE*
Answer: People are sometimes held morally responsible for things they don’t intend to do

>>>>  Hmm, I picked “sometimes we do not give a fair assessment of the morality of someone’s actions”.  The example talked about a cook unintentionally putting an ingredient into the meal that wasn’t normally there, and a person who is allergic to the ingredient eating the meal and dying.  Author said that under normal circumstances such action would be viewed as absent-minded, but since it resulted in death people would say cook’s action was immoral.  Are we talking about the same answer choice?


The reason I discounted that one is that the example didn't indicate that people are wrong in their assessment, only that the chef was held responsible for unintentionally poisoning the people. But the stimulus doesn't indicate that people thought it was morally wrong to hold him responsible. 

Re: New/Updated Sept 06 Master LR List (43/50 questions)
« Reply #9 on: October 01, 2006, 06:39:31 AM »
does anyone remember the other answer choices for 9. carrots + fat question?? 

the insomniac question: i was stuck between 2 answers.  one was that when insomniacs were included in the study, the correlation between melatonin and sleep inducement was weakened.  the other was that insomniacs did not feel any benefits from the melatonin.

fastfood turnover question:  i got stuck on that answer choice but i changed to something else at the last minute.  can someone explain to me why there would be a reduced job turnover after a minimum wage increase?  wouldn't the turnover be higher since people usually get fired after a wage increase?

#43 i concur with someone above...the assumption linked investment in technology with progress.