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Color, Controversy and DNA
By Henry Louis Gates Jr. |

Henry Louis Gates Jr. is editor-in-chief of The Root and is the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor at Harvard University.

A conversation between The Root Editor-in-Chief Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Nobel laureate and DNA pioneer James Watson about race and genetics, Jewish intelligence, blacks and basketball and Watson's African roots.

For Article, see REPLY #66,98155.60.html

Brian Leiter's Law School Rankings
Ranking of Top 40 Law Schools by Student (Numerical) Quality 2008

Rank by Average of 75th/25th LSAT,98155.60.html


Revealed: scientist who sparked racism row has black genes
By Robert Verkaik
Published: 10 December 2007
A Nobel Prize-winning scientist who provoked a public outcry by claiming black Africans were less intelligent than whites has a DNA profile with up to 16 times more genes of black origin than the average white European.
A Nobel Prize-winning scientist who provoked a public outcry by claiming black Africans were less intelligent than whites has a DNA profile with up to 16 times more genes of black origin than the average white European.
An analysis of the genome of James Watson showed that 16 per cent of his genes were likely to have come from a black ancestor of African descent. By contrast, most people of European descent would have no more than 1 per cent.
"This level is what you would expect in someone who had a great-grandparent who was African," said Kari Stefansson of deCODE Genetics, whose company carried out the analysis. "It was very surprising to get this result for Jim."
The findings were made available after Dr Watson became only the second person to publish his fully sequenced genome online earlier this year. Dr Watson was forced to resign his post as head of a research laboratory in New York shortly after triggering an international furore by questioning the comparative intelligence of Africans. In an interview during his recent British book tour, the American scientist said he was "inherently gloomy about the prospects for Africa" because "all our social policies are based on the fact that their intelligence is the same as ours whereas all the testing says not really".
The Science Museum in London cancelled a lecture by him, while the Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, branded his comments "racist propaganda".
Other scientists working in the field of molecular biology quickly distanced themselves from the comments, saying that it was not possible to draw such conclusions from the work that had been done on DNA.
The study of the DNA of Dr Watson who shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for medicine adds another twist to the controversy surrounding the American scientist's comments.
In addition to the 16 per cent of his genes which were identified as likely to have come from a black ancestor of African descent, a further 9 per cent were likely to have come from an ancestor of Asian descent, the test indicated.

Reference to Watson:,+07:50+AM

Books Press Releases Press release distributed by PR Newswire

Cognitive Evolution Bridges the Intelligence Divide

 New Book Release: 'Cognitive Evolution: The Biological Imprint of Applied
     Intelligence,' by Alice Travis; a bold, reasoned and meticulously
                         researched knowledge leap

    BOCA RATON, Fla., Dec. 3 /PRNewswire/ -- The book "Cognitive Evolution"
addresses how the brain makes mental behaviors possible. It is the result
of an intensive analysis of interdisciplinary scientific efforts to codify
the physiological underpinnings of cognitive functions in Homo sapiens. In
a bold, reasoned and meticulously researched knowledge leap, the theory of
Cognitive Evolution proposes a new definition of biological evolution, and
reaches other conclusions believed to be of scientific interest in areas as
distinct as neurophysiology, computational theory, and psychology.

    (Book cover: )

    The Theory of Cognitive Evolution holds that "Race and ethnicity are
irrelevant to genius;" however, the same cannot be said of cultures. It
demonstrates, "Though categorically equal, cultures are decidedly unequal
in cerebral impact."

    "Cognitive Evolution" predicts that increasingly rapid technological
advances will permit invasive exploration of brain activity, and that group
brain differences will be observed. The book posits that without a
scientific framework for discussing the causes of differences among
disparate Homo sapien populations, global society will face a crippling
human relations nightmare of the magnitude of George Orwell's 1984, a world
where slavery is freedom.

    While "Cognitive Evolution" does not support Nobel Laureate James
Watson's recent scientific pronouncement that a "racially differentiating
gene" for intelligence will be discovered, the treatise suggests that
current public policy prohibiting debate of measured intelligence indicia
is flawed, debilitating and stultifying. The book raises the questions:

    -- Can society survive a tacitly recognized hierarchy of humanity?
    -- Can the categorized superior and dull expect to share a common
       evolutionary future?
    Information theorist and veteran TV broadcast journalist Alice Travis
[Biography: Marquis Who's Who America/World] has expanded her original
groundbreaking theoretical treatise. Riveting ... prophetic ...
controversial, Cognitive Evolution 2007 moves our kind to the precipices of
digitizing the anatomical gnome of reason. Released today by Universal
Publishers, the 236-page book is available through, and Universal Publishers Bookstore. Library of
Congress-in-Publication Data for Libraries and book dealers is accessible
through the Library's online catalogue.


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