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Messages - candice

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Studying for the LSAT / Re: LSAT 163 = IQ 132
« on: April 17, 2004, 01:49:00 AM »
So everyone w/ a 163 and higher can join MENSA

Obviously. I would also add that the first LSAT-type test in 1947 was based upon the original IQ test and data collected by the Army to test recruits in World War I. Such data had also been used to prove that Eastern European immigrants and African Americans were less intelligent than Northern and Western Europeans. The original LSAT had historical roots in efforts to substantiate racial inequality and nativism.

Law School Admissions / Re: Adderall
« on: April 17, 2004, 01:31:33 AM »
Two prescription stimulants widely bought and sold on the university underground in South Florida and across the country are increasingly drawing criticism from doctors, law enforcement, ethicists -- and fellow students. The drugs, Ritalin and Adderall, are used illegally to enhance studying by as many as one in five college students, according to a November 2002 study published in The Johns Hopkins News-Letter. At the University of Miami, administrators have put up fliers and posters around campus in recent years warning students of adverse effects from misuse of the drugs. The University of Florida is studying the level of use. Experts say Adderall and Ritalin help students focus longer and get their work done quicker.

"It's a miracle drug," said Matt, 19, a finance major at UF who grew up in Fort Lauderdale. "It is unbelievable how my concentration boosts when I use Adderall." Matt, who did not want to be identified for fear he would be charged with a crime, credits Adderall use for his improved grades. He says he went from a 2.75 grade-point average in his first semester to a 3.25 in the second. The small blue or orange pills are typically prescribed for children and adults with attention-deficit disorder (ADD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). But their effects on normal adults make it sound like a wonder drug. "Caffeine is fine. This is better," said Dr. Eric Heiligenstein, director of clinical psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin. "Students are able to accumulate more information in a shorter time frame. These drugs keep you awake longer. They minimize fatigue and help maintain a high performance level."


But the drugs, chemical cousins of cocaine, can cause increased heart and respiratory rates, elevated blood pressure, sleep deprivation, dry mouth, and lack of appetite. They can lead to withdrawal symptoms and, in rare cases, have been linked to aggression and cardiac arrhythmia. "When the effects of the drugs wane, there is a tendency for some individuals to crash and experience withdrawal," said William Dorfman, Ph.D., professor of psychology at Nova Southeastern University in Davie. "They are prone to irritability, low mood, fatigue, and depression." Ritalin and Adderall also can serve as gateway drugs for further substance abuse, and -- according to a recent UM study on laboratory mice -- could make cocaine addiction harder to beat. That has not dissuaded many college users, even though use without a prescription is a felony that can result in jail time.


With 4 to 6% of Americans diagnosed with ADD, the drugs are widely prescribed and easy to come by. Federal drug enforcers list Adderall and Ritalin among their most tightly regulated prescription drugs. "The abuse of these substances is of great concern to us. They have a high potential for dependency and abuse," said Rogene Waite of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. The underground price for a standard 10- or 20-milligram dose of Adderall or Ritalin is about $5 or $6, students say. Finding the drug poses little challenge. "I just walk down the hall in my dorm and knock on a friend's door. It's very widely used and really easy to get," said Matt, the UF student. "Prices definitely go up during final exam times, and it's harder to get because people get stingy with their supplies." Some students who don't use the drug say their pill-popping classmates have an unfair edge and consider use of the pills a form of cheating. "I think it's deceptive. A GPA is what employers and graduate schools use to select students. It is supposed to be indicative of your natural academic ability," said Ramin Baghai, 25, a master's of business administration student at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "I want to graduate and get a good job. If someone is passing off their drug-enhanced GPA for a natural one, it's unfair." "They can be viewed as brain steroids because in some way the drugs give students an unfair advantage," Heiligenstein said. "The productivity levels are so much higher when comparing with students who do not use the medication."

Other students disagree and say the pills are just as fair as hiring a private tutor or paying for test preparation services. "These drugs are study tools, just like tutors and caffeine pills. We use what's available to us. It's not cheating," said Kevin Shulman, 22, a University of Central Florida senior from Cooper City. Some worry that tomorrow's lawyers, doctors and business professionals are committing felonies before they have even begun practice. "This is considered unethical behavior, and it is treated very negatively," said Judy Rushlow, assistant director of Florida Lawyers Assistants. "We are aware that these drugs are being used as a study aid by university and law students. These individuals run the risk of getting caught and damaging their careers." Evidence of Adderall or Ritalin abuse can hinder law students from gaining admission to the bar association, and students known to have abused drugs are carefully evaluated and put through investigative hearings. "As a lawyer, you are an officer of the court," said Heather Gatley, an employment and labor attorney at Miami-based Steel, Hector & Davis. "This firm does not want to admit individuals who have problems complying with the law."


Campus law enforcement officials say they are doing their part to curb the problem. "These days, we are a lot more suspicious of these kinds of abuses. There is a lot more attention paid to what is in a prescription bottle now than a few years ago,"  said Sgt. Raul Pedroso of the University of Miami police. "This is clearly a widespread social phenomenon, and there is clearly a black market on the university scene for these drugs,'' said Dr. Jon Shaw, a psychiatrist at UM. "There is no question that this abuse goes on, and clinicians are constantly trying to reduce the problem."

Studying for the LSAT / Re: Highlighter, or just a pencil?
« on: April 17, 2004, 12:49:13 AM »
So basically you can write on the booklet ... I was not really sure whether I could write on the margins, as it really helps me, especially with the Reading Comprehension section and the Games ... and given the fact that you'll use a pencil to mark the answers, I don't have a problem with using that same pencil to write on the booklet

Studying for the LSAT / LSAT 163 = IQ 132
« on: April 17, 2004, 12:41:07 AM »
From the MENSA's website it looks like it is so ... does anyone though know whether there are studies correlating the two tests?

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