Law School Discussion

(Updated) LR PM (49/50)

(Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« on: December 04, 2006, 03:14:05 PM »
I'm just copying what lsatnerd had on his thread and adding some questions. Once again, thanks to him for writing this...

1. Main Point: City is proposing a dam but it costs a lot and is a bad idea
Answer: Damming the river is a mistake

2. Flaw: 75% of dermatologists recommend this cream;
Answer: Doesn’t give #s; could be a small sample size and thus unrepresentative

3. PR #1: X -> Y or Z; Y is not possible, hence, if X then some type Z
Answer: if there is a path it is stone or gravel; it can’t be gravel so the path is stone. something like that.

4. Inference (Principle) : Very long principle question; if you have 2 processes that are approx. same cost, choose less environmentally damaging one; then there was another long thing… answer choice mostly dealt with first part of principle
Answer: A and B cost approximately the same, but A is less env. damaging, so one should pick A.

5.  PR #2 (flaw) A good salesperson makes quota.  I'm not a good salesperson.  Therefore I won't make quota.
A->B.  Not A, therefore, Not B.
Answer: If you're in this class, you like music. Susan is not in this class. thus she doesn't like music

6.. Inference: garden/living room in winter/summer
Answer: Gardern can be coordinated even if something is not satisfied (not sure on this one)

7. Strengthen: We observed a supernova, but didn't find a neuron star. Therefore, the theory that says that all supernovas create neuron stars is wrong.
Answer:  "the instruments have detected further off neuron stars in the past"

8. Weaken: Company makes more money when employees can throw parties
Answer: A, the companies that throw parties make more money to begin with

9.Weaken: Studying hyperactivity/sugar consumption in children via glucose/fructose/sucrose/sugar substitutes
Answer:  the sugar substitutes cause hyperactivity
Minority: something about studies causing hyperactivity

10. Assumption (2N) : All world problems caused by supply/demand problems. Hence, we need to decrease demand
Answer: Assumed that actual demand will exceed supply

11. Argument Part: Role played in argument by claim that 1 million years ago, there was a link between Africa and China
Answer: Shows that the route could have been created earlier than 200 BCE.

12. Main Point: There is a car accident; Driver A doesn’t use turn signal and Driver B may have been speeding. Driver A is assumed to be at fault. What do we need to know to evaluate the conclusion?
Answer: Whether or not Driver B was speeding.

13. Flaw: So-and-so says that it is very difficult to achieve happiness because it is something that entails x, y, z. But we see happy people at the beach all the time so this makes no sense.
Answer: Allows the key term "happiness" to illicitly change meaning

14. Main Point: Shipping fitness books on time. 
Answer: It's imperative that the company ship its fitness books on time.

15. Inference: "If most habitual users find quitting physiologically & psych. difficult, it's addictive"
Answer: Some things are addictive even when some dont have psychological/phys difficulties so long as most habitual users do.

16. Assumption: Selfish gense.
Answer: Self-replication doesnt promote self interests

17. Inference: Anti-environmentalism articles and Winslow editorial
Answer: Winslow is correct that newspaper editors like to write about controversial arguments (?)

18. Flaw: A new study shows that people whoe exercise vigorously have lower cholesterol. This proves that older studies that had results contrary to these new studies are wrong.
Answer: Accepts the conclusion of one study over another without providing adequate justification.

19. Main Point: Adapatibility
Answer: Natural selection will never create Individuals that are able adapt perfectily to an environment (B)

20. Assumption:  Gap between rich and poor being a source of discontent/company hiring and static/unchanging wages
Answer: Companies never hire when things are static. 

21. Inference: Principle: If benefit others and fullfil one's goals, then it is a moral action. 
Answer: A mother wanted her kids to spend their vactation with their grandma because she wanted them to see grandma and she knew they liked grandma; both grandma and kids loved the visit; her action was moral even though she herself was happy.
Minority: Something about intending to harm someone but not succeeding.
22. Inference The earlier statistical models predicted that some people could live up to 130. New EVt models predict people can live approximately between 112-124. No one is known to have lived longer than EVT predicts.
Anwser The new EVT model fits the current data better
Alternative: EVT says people are physically incapable of living beyond 124

Re: Updated LR PM
« Reply #1 on: December 04, 2006, 03:21:14 PM »
23. Weaken: Two treatments X and Y are both available; we should use X because it has advantage A, B, C...
Answer: A; X has caused problems in animal experiments (

24. Assumption (2N) : Commentators say a certain type of political power is good because it leads to people's rights being  respected. But it's really bad because of X, Y and Z.
Answer: The political power in question, when exercised by certain people, ends up with people having their rights not respected.

25. Paradox: Prairie birds flourish wherever humans live despite human habitation normally killing off animal life
Answer: E,  trees are denser in cities which help guard the prairie birds from wind gusts or something

26. PR #1 Fatty foods less healthy than unfatty foods. These brownies are non-fat and these cookies are fatty.
Answer: Cooked and raw vegetables, and making a faulty parallel based on the carrots being cooked. B - I think.
Minority nut answer
27. Point at Issue: 5% unemployment
Answer: Whether or not the 5% unemployed is a good definition for full employment/economic success - pretty sure this was choice A (they disagree over the applicablity of the full employment definition to contemporary societies).

28. PR #2  If Global warming or No Pesticides-> Malaria grows
But, if No pesticides, then Global Warming
So, Malaria Grows.
Answer: TCR had to do with interest rates.

29. Inference:  In ancient Greece, eyewitnesses were not cross-examined and jurors were pulled out of the general population. we can figure out ancient Greek moral codes by inspecting litigant speech
Answer: C -- litigants in ancient Greece knew that jurors would be morelikely to agree with them if they had the same morals

30. Paradox  : Why is it okay to eat the sardines from the lake now even though it was not safe before due to dioxin. It's safe to eat it now becasuse the population of algae decreasedAnswer: Had something to do with the algae dying off lowered the amount of the toxin released into the food being eaten

31. Paradox: Two studies of erosion near bridge were commissioned. They had differing results but both were right
Answer: One studied top-soil erosion; the other studied a different type of erosion

32. Paradox:  Bears that eat a certain type of flower, but when they do so they pull up the bulb, killing the flower. Yet without the bears the flowers wouldn't survive.
Answer: If the flowers are undisturbed, then they soak up all the nutrients and no flowers survive.

33. Inference: A certain scientific theory (Gaussian maps?) was developed in the 19th C but not used till the 20th; same thing with another theorem developed by Einstein. What can we generalize from this?
Answer: A  -- That certain scientific theories are not put into practical use until later on when their uses are figured out.

34. Argument part: One of the argument part questions was a really philosophical question, where we were asked what role a certain philosophical thing played; something like "certain people don't ever show emotion towards others" or some crap
Answer:  It involved it being a claim that was by itself was not enough to justify the conclusion the argument was arguing against

35. Argument part: What role does "the band does not have any risk" play in the argument?
Answer: Intermediate concusion (supported by premises and supports the conclusion

36. Assumption (2S) : Government can be super great or super bad. but the best bet is for the government to just be mediocre.
Answer: It is better for the government to be mediocre than to possibly be super bad.

37. Assumption (2S) : If murder then must be in the office. S and H were in the office. If H then footrpints and fingerprints. If S then would try to avoid footprints and fingerprints. Found fingerprints, not footprints. Thus couldn't be H, and S did it.
Answer: C, Nobody else was in the office
Minority: Were not S's fingerprints.

38. Assumption (2N) : Bacteria have flagellum that is made up of parts; having less parts makes the flaggelum not fully functional, and it impedes motion/swimming. Thus, ancestor bacteria without fully finctional flagellum would not be selected for/would not survive...
Answer:parts of flagella do not serve any function important to survival
 Minority: ancient bacteria withiout fully functioning flagellum couldn't swim/move using other means

39. Flaw: Bird typology 1 is no good because it does not account for a certain species difference (that different species cannot interbreed) as in bird typology 2
Answer:  it presumes the correctness of the other one?

40. Flaw: This bird was found that is 20M years before any dinosaur bones which are supposed to be what birds are descended from. hence no birds are descended from dinosaurs
Answer:  makes too strong a generalization (A).

41. Flaw: Teachers are paid less than athletes.  So, society values athletics more than education.
Answer : Something along the lines of it overlooks the fact that education may get more total money spent towards it.

42. Flaw: Annoying letter from annoying guy about how traffic accidents in low speed areas will surely increase
Answer: Fails to consider traffic fatalities also increased in other areas

43. Strengthen: Nuclear power plants are less cost-effective than conventional ones
Answer: Nuclear power plants have to be rebuilt sooner than conventional power plants.

44. Flaw: Calculator has more functions than any other calculator.
Answer: Some other tool had more functions that are most commonly used

45. Inference: If a manuscript is unreadable or prevents understanding, a manuscript editor can do X. If something else is the case, the editor can do Y or Z.
Answer: If a manuscript is full of old punctuation and hampers a persons ability to read, the editor can edit it so long as he notes he did so in the preface.
ALTERNATIVE: The one that was both FREQUENT *and* hampers to read.  C, I believe.

46. Inference: Opera singer/young singer/voice training/hurting trachea
Answer: Some young singers strain their voice...
Alternative: Singers without extensive training should not attempt complex opera songs

47. Inference? Important to pay attention to fashion trends. Purchasing trendy hats and suits not as good as purchasing ones that will be used for a long time.
Answer: Principle: The amount you spend should be relatively proportional to the amount of time you intend to wear it

48. Flaw: People are surveyed about the best place to live and they choose the largest city in the state. Proves that people prefer large cities.
Answer: Failed to consider that even though more people chose living in the city than any specific suburb, it was possible that more people chose suburbs overall than chose the capital city

49. Flaw: Since synthetic toxins are identical to naturally occurring toxins and naturally occurring toxins are much more common than synthetic toxins, the synthetic toxins aren't dangerous.
Answer: Doesn't take into account that people may be exposed to the synthetic toxins more often

Re: Updated LR PM
« Reply #2 on: December 04, 2006, 03:22:02 PM »
OK, any ideas for the bacteria one? here it's 38.

Re: (Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« Reply #3 on: December 04, 2006, 03:29:57 PM »
One of the answers was that each part of the the flagellum was essential to the peformance of the whole.


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Re: (Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« Reply #4 on: December 04, 2006, 03:30:25 PM »
38.  parts of flagella do not serve any function imprtant to survival.

can you add minority answers as well?


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Re: (Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« Reply #5 on: December 04, 2006, 03:33:09 PM »
I really think that that was TCR. The stim must have assumed that each of the parts was necessary for the function in order to claim that the ancestors derived no benefit at all from it...otherwise they would have had SOME benefit from their less advanced version. Sound right?

Some people were claiming something about functions in water, but I didn't see that as a viable alternative on test day.


Re: (Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« Reply #6 on: December 04, 2006, 03:34:12 PM »
38. Assumption (2N) : Bacteria have flagellum that is made up of parts; Bacteria’s ancestors that didn’t have fully functioning flagellum must have not been able to survivie
Answer:  That the other non-essential parts of the baceria’s flagellum did not aide its survival.


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Re: (Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« Reply #7 on: December 04, 2006, 03:34:46 PM »
by the way, thanks a lot for taking this over lonewolf.

Re: (Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« Reply #8 on: December 04, 2006, 03:34:58 PM »
38.  parts of flagella do not serve any function imprtant to survival.

can you add minority answers as well?
yes, just tell me what questions

Re: (Updated) LR PM (49/50)
« Reply #9 on: December 04, 2006, 03:38:28 PM »
I disagree with the answer provided for #10.  The question essentially said that supply will fall in the future and its conclusion involved the future as well - thus demand's current position relative to supply is not relevant.  That being said, I forget what the other answer choices were.