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Gummibearz

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Another LR Question
« on: August 01, 2004, 12:17:13 AM »
Using fossil energy more efficiently is in the interest of the nation and the global environment, but major improvements are unlikely unless proposed government standards are implemented to eliminate products or practices that are among the least efficient in their class.

Objection:  Decisions on energy  use are best left to the operation of the market.

Which one of the following, if true, most directly undermines the objection above?

A) It would be unrealistic to expect society to make the changes necessary to achieve maximum energy efficiency all at once.

B)  There are products, such as automobiles, that consume energy at a sufficient rate that persons who purchase and use them will become conscious of any unusual energy inefficiency in comparison with other products in the same class.

C) Whenever a new mode of generating energy, such as a new fuel, is introduced, a number of support systems, such as a fuel-distribution system, must be created or adapted.

D) When energy prices rise, consumers of energy tend to look for new ways to increase energy efficiency, such as by adding insulation to their houses.

E) Often the purchaser of a product, such as a landlord buying an appliance, chooses on the basis of purchase price because the purchaser is not the person who will pay for the energy used by the product.


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LS

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Re: Another LR Question
« Reply #1 on: August 01, 2004, 12:54:06 AM »
I think this is E!

maxse

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Re: Another LR Question
« Reply #2 on: August 01, 2004, 01:17:20 AM »
I think it is D?

zxcvbnm

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Re: Another LR Question
« Reply #3 on: August 01, 2004, 02:07:34 AM »
Using fossil energy more efficiently is in the interest of the nation and the global environment, but major improvements are unlikely unless proposed government standards are implemented to eliminate products or practices that are among the least efficient in their class.

Objection:  Decisions on energy  use are best left to the operation of the market.

Which one of the following, if true, most directly undermines the objection above?

A) It would be unrealistic to expect society to make the changes necessary to achieve maximum energy efficiency all at once.

B)  There are products, such as automobiles, that consume energy at a sufficient rate that persons who purchase and use them will become conscious of any unusual energy inefficiency in comparison with other products in the same class.

C) Whenever a new mode of generating energy, such as a new fuel, is introduced, a number of support systems, such as a fuel-distribution system, must be created or adapted.

D) When energy prices rise, consumers of energy tend to look for new ways to increase energy efficiency, such as by adding insulation to their houses.

E) Often the purchaser of a product, such as a landlord buying an appliance, chooses on the basis of purchase price because the purchaser is not the person who will pay for the energy used by the product.




I would think E. A and C are beside the point, they don't do anything to the objection, and B and D actually support it. E gives evidence for how the market might not necessarily regulate inefficient energy usage, and in fact might actually promote it in some cases.

Gummibearz

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Re: Another LR Question
« Reply #4 on: August 01, 2004, 02:44:34 AM »
Yes its E.  I tried this question twice, and got it wrong both times.  Could you explain how you got to E a little further?  Thanks.
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LSATGuru

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Re: Another LR Question
« Reply #5 on: August 01, 2004, 12:51:58 PM »
Using fossil energy more efficiently is in the interest of the nation and the global environment, but major improvements are unlikely unless proposed government standards are implemented to eliminate products or practices that are among the least efficient in their class.

Objection:  Decisions on energy  use are best left to the operation of the market. The conclusion of the "Objector" is that the government should NOT set the standards and that the companies in the market should set the standards (or that the companies should be left alone altogether). When you're asked to "undermine, weaken, error, flaw, challenge" you want the answer choice that directly ATTACKS the conclusion.  So we're looking for an answer choice that brings into play a reason or a statement that directly attacks the idea that the companies should be able to regulate themselves.

Which one of the following, if true, most directly undermines the objection above?

A) It would be unrealistic to expect society to make the changes necessary to achieve maximum energy efficiency all at once.

B)  There are products, such as automobiles, that consume energy at a sufficient rate that persons who purchase and use them will become conscious of any unusual energy inefficiency in comparison with other products in the same class.

C) Whenever a new mode of generating energy, such as a new fuel, is introduced, a number of support systems, such as a fuel-distribution system, must be created or adapted.

D) When energy prices rise, consumers of energy tend to look for new ways to increase energy efficiency, such as by adding insulation to their houses.

E) Often the purchaser of a product, such as a landlord buying an appliance, chooses on the basis of purchase price because the purchaser is not the person who will pay for the energy used by the product.
"E" is correct because it introduces an idea, or "principle," that the person who is not going to pay for the "owning and operating" costs of something then they don't really care about the ramifications of the long-term effects (in this case that the lowest priced washer machine will use LOTS of energy that will contribute to a tenants high energy bill).  So the "market" is the buyer, in this case, and the objector is saying that the regulations should be left up to the buyer, but E weakens this because it says that buyers(the market) don't care about how inefficient something is because they have no long-term stake in the consequences (in the paragraph's case polution, in the answer choices case high energy costs).

I hope this helps--it's kind of a confusing question/answer combination, but unfortunately it is the best one in this case.  It's a hard question.

maxse

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Re: Another LR Question
« Reply #6 on: August 01, 2004, 11:55:48 PM »
oh damn. I pickjed D because I thought which of the following undermines the original stimulus, so I looked for sometihng that supports the objection... Oops I gotta start reading these questions more carefully!