# TM LESSON #10 FLAW QUESTION (Modified)

#### uwofresh

• 269
##### TM LESSON #10 FLAW QUESTION (Modified)
« on: August 25, 2005, 12:29:23 PM »
A certain airport security scanner designed to detect explosives in luggage will alert the scanner's operator whenever the piece of luggage passing under the scanner contains an explosive.  teh scanner will erroneously alert the operator for only one percent of the pieces of luggage that contains no explosives.  Thus in ninety nine out of hundred alerts explosives will actually be present.

the resaoning in the argument is flawed because the argument

a.) ignores the possibility of the scanner's failing to signal an alert when the luggage does contain an explosive.

b.) substitutes one group for a different group in the statement of percentage.

#### ohstacey

• 224
##### Re: TM LESSON #10 FLAW QUESTION (LAST ONE I PROMISE~)
« Reply #1 on: August 25, 2005, 01:24:11 PM »
Maybe I am missing something, but what is the question being asked?

Thanks.

#### jkkjfda

##### Re: TM LESSON #10 FLAW QUESTION (Modified)
« Reply #2 on: August 25, 2005, 04:21:26 PM »

OK lets say 501 luggages go through. 6 of them get alerted. 5 that have no explosives and 1 that has explosives.

"the scanner will erroneously alert the operator for only one percent of the pieces of luggage that contains no explosives"

this is true 500 contained no explosives and 5 of those were alerted.

"Thus in ninety nine out of hundred alerts explosives will actually be present."

this is false, 6 were alerted with only 1 actually having explosives. 1 out of 6 is a far cry from 99 out of 100.

The correct conclusion would be; "99 out of 100 luggages without explosives will not be alerted."

So the arguement incorrectly substitutes one group for a different group in the statement of percentage.