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Author Topic: TM LESSON 10 FLAW QUESTION #2  (Read 421 times)

uwofresh

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TM LESSON 10 FLAW QUESTION #2
« on: August 25, 2005, 02:27:31 PM »
The proposal to extend clinical trials, which are routinely used as systematic tests of pharmaceutical innovations, to new surgical procedures shouod not be implemented.  The point is that surgical procedures differ in one important respect from medicinal drugs: a correctly prescribed drugs depends for its effectiveness only on the drug's composition, whereas the effectiveness of even the most appropriate surgical procedure is transparently related to the skills of the surgeon who uses it.

the resaoning in the argument is flawed because the argument

a.) does not consider that new surgical procedures might be found to be intrinsically more harmful than the best treatment previously available.

b.) ignores the possibility that the challenged proposal is deliberately crude in a way designed to elicit criticism to be used in refinding the proposal.

c.) assumnes that a surgoen's skills remain unchanged throughout the surgeon's professional life.

d.) describes a dissimiliarity without citina nay scientific evidence for the existecne of that dissimiliarity.

e.) rejects a proposal presumably advanced in good faith without acknowledgiing any such good faith.


River

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Re: TM LESSON 10 FLAW QUESTION #2
« Reply #1 on: August 25, 2005, 11:37:04 PM »
The proposal to extend clinical trials, which are routinely used as systematic tests of pharmaceutical innovations, to new surgical procedures shouod not be implemented.  The point is that surgical procedures differ in one important respect from medicinal drugs: a correctly prescribed drugs depends for its effectiveness only on the drug's composition, whereas the effectiveness of even the most appropriate surgical procedure is transparently related to the skills of the surgeon who uses it.

the resaoning in the argument is flawed because the argument

a.) does not consider that new surgical procedures might be found to be intrinsically more harmful than the best treatment previously available.

b.) ignores the possibility that the challenged proposal is deliberately crude in a way designed to elicit criticism to be used in refinding the proposal.

c.) assumnes that a surgoen's skills remain unchanged throughout the surgeon's professional life.

d.) describes a dissimiliarity without citina nay scientific evidence for the existecne of that dissimiliarity.

e.) rejects a proposal presumably advanced in good faith without acknowledgiing any such good faith.



"The proposal to extend clinical trials, which are routinely used as systematic tests of pharmaceutical innovations, to new surgical procedures shouod not be implemented." 

Paraphrase: clinical trials are routinely used as systematic tests of pharmaceutical innovations because a correctly prescribed drugs depends for its effectiveness only on the drug's composition: To be effective, correctly prescribed 

but new  surgical procedures can not be routinely used as systematic tests of surgical innovations because the effectiveness of even the most appropriate surgical procedure is transparently related to the skills of the surgeon who uses it.=To be effective, skills of the surgeon:  This reasoning says that the effectiveness of even the most appropriate surgical procedure depends on the skills of the surgeon who uses it, thus you could use your skills for the current surgical or new surgical procedures.   This draw an assumption that your skill as a surgeon remains same.
Thus C) fits.=  Because of your unchanging skills, we do not need the proposal for the clinical trials to be extended to new surgical procedures.