Law School Discussion

Nine Years of Discussion
;

Author Topic: Hard assumption ?s on June 2005 LSAT - heeellpp  (Read 1045 times)

smiley111

  • Full Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 53
    • View Profile
    • Email
Hard assumption ?s on June 2005 LSAT - heeellpp
« on: November 15, 2009, 10:49:07 PM »
Hi guys - can you help me out with these problems--I am totally surprised with this test for some reason I didnt see the issue with these ?s at all when I was taking the diag--any help would be much appreciated

Thank you guys and here are the probs--and lastly if Im having trouble with these ?s should I postpone the LSAT? I have til 3 hours from now to decide

15--Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their sociey and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness. However modern literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies

A) Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modern individual.
B) it is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good
E) Modern literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras

I think all are equally good candidates and can see how A or E destroy the argument when negated, but B is the correct answer

20--Genetic engineering has aided new developments in many different fields. But because these techniques require the manipulation of the genetic codes of organisms, they are said to be unethical. What the critics fail to realize is that this kind of manipulation has been going on for millenia; virtually every farm animal is the result of selective breeding for desired traits. Since selective breeding is genetic engineering of a crude sort, genetic engineering is not unethical

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the scientist's argument depends?

B) anything that is acomplished by nature is not unethical to accomplish with science
C) the manipulation of genetic code through selective breeding for desired traits is not unethical--this is correct

Why is B wrong I chose that 1st and of course got it wrong...



Effective tests have recently been developed to predict fatal diseases having a largely genetic basis. now, for the first time a person can be warned well in advance of the possibility of such life threatening conditions. however medicine is not yet able to prevent most such conditions. Simply being informed that one will get a disease that is both fatal and incurable can itself be quite harmful to some people. this raises the question of whether such early warning tests should be made available at all.

Which one of the following statements is best illustrated by the state of affairs described by the philosopher?

A) the advance of medicine fails to provide solutions to every problem
B) the advance of medicine creates new contexts in which ethical dillemnas can arise
- what ethical dilemmna? it is not mentioned?
E) the advance of technology is of questionable value.

OMG this problem is still killing me and it is #3 on the 1st LR section. Please help I chose A, but the right answer is B

HR6352

  • Full Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 64
    • View Profile
Re: Hard assumption ?s on June 2005 LSAT - heeellpp
« Reply #1 on: November 16, 2009, 08:40:54 AM »
Hi guys - can you help me out with these problems--I am totally surprised with this test for some reason I didnt see the issue with these ?s at all when I was taking the diag--any help would be much appreciated

Thank you guys and here are the probs--and lastly if Im having trouble with these ?s should I postpone the LSAT? I have til 3 hours from now to decide

15--Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their sociey and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness. However modern literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies

A) Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modern individual.
B) it is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good
E) Modern literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras

I think all are equally good candidates and can see how A or E destroy the argument when negated, but B is the correct answer


The easiest way to see that A is not is to look at the word "any."  Do you see an indication that the writer believes that there were people in the past who were more concerned about societal good than ANY person who lives today?  E is the argument that the statement makes.  It is not "assumed" by the argument. 

See "Thus modern literature can damage individuals."  If people are damaged by not contributing to society's good, then at leas for some people contributing to societal good is beneficial.  E is the answer. 

20--Genetic engineering has aided new developments in many different fields. But because these techniques require the manipulation of the genetic codes of organisms, they are said to be unethical. What the critics fail to realize is that this kind of manipulation has been going on for millenia; virtually every farm animal is the result of selective breeding for desired traits. Since selective breeding is genetic engineering of a crude sort, genetic engineering is not unethical

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the scientist's argument depends?

B) anything that is acomplished by nature is not unethical to accomplish with science
C) the manipulation of genetic code through selective breeding for desired traits is not unethical--this is correct

Why is B wrong I chose that 1st and of course got it wrong...


B is wrong because there's nothing about ANYTHING accomplished by nature being ok.  Once again, look out for those words that are all inclusive.  The writer argues that SINCE selective breeding is ok and it's close to genetic engineering, then genetic engineering is ok.  The whole argument rests on the assumption that genetic engineering is ok.  C is the correct answer.  The writer never says that selective breeding is ok but just assumes it. 

Effective tests have recently been developed to predict fatal diseases having a largely genetic basis. now, for the first time a person can be warned well in advance of the possibility of such life threatening conditions. however medicine is not yet able to prevent most such conditions. Simply being informed that one will get a disease that is both fatal and incurable can itself be quite harmful to some people. this raises the question of whether such early warning tests should be made available at all.

Which one of the following statements is best illustrated by the state of affairs described by the philosopher?

A) the advance of medicine fails to provide solutions to every problem
B) the advance of medicine creates new contexts in which ethical dillemnas can arise
- what ethical dilemmna? it is not mentioned?
E) the advance of technology is of questionable value.

OMG this problem is still killing me and it is #3 on the 1st LR section. Please help I chose A, but the right answer is B


You really don't see the ethical dilemma?  See the last sentence.  A is wrong because nobody talks about a solution to every problem, and E is wrong because nobody is talking about technology in general. 

River

  • Sr. Citizen
  • ****
  • Posts: 483
    • View Profile
Re: Hard assumption ?s on June 2005 LSAT - heeellpp
« Reply #2 on: November 16, 2009, 08:56:24 AM »
Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their sociey and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness.
= protagonists---- scorn allegiance/ advocate detachment (P1)

 However modern literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically.

= the literature of earlier---- treats such protagonists sympathetically.(P2)

Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good.
= Sympathetic treatment----- unconcerned about contributing (P3)

Thus modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.
= modern literature---- damage individuals (Con):
contra/~damaging individual---~modern literature

P2+P3= the literature of earlier---- unconcerned about contributing (P4)
P4+Con=~damaging individual---- unconcerned about contributing
=contra: concerned about contributing----benefiting/advataging individual
                                                       
20--Genetic engineering has aided new developments in many different fields. But because these techniques require the manipulation of the genetic codes of organisms, they are said to be unethical.
= manipulation of the genetic code----- unethical

What the critics fail to realize is that this kind of manipulation has been going on for millenia; virtually every farm animal is the result of selective breeding for desired traits. Since selective breeding is genetic engineering of a crude sort, genetic engineering is not unethical

Selective breeding --- genetic engineering----- not unethical
         +
Manipulation----- the result of selective breeding
= Manipulation------------------ not unethical

C) the manipulation of genetic code through selective breeding for desired traits is not unethical--this is correct



Effective tests have recently been developed to predict fatal diseases having a largely genetic basis. now, for the first time a person can be warned well in advance of the possibility of such life threatening conditions. however medicine is not yet able to prevent most such conditions. Simply being informed that one will get a disease that is both fatal and incurable can itself be quite harmful to some people. this raises the question of whether such early warning tests should be made available at all.

Which one of the following statements is best illustrated by the state of affairs described by the philosopher?

A) the advance of medicine fails to provide solutions to (every problem ?)
B) the advance of medicine creates new contexts in which ethical dillemnas can arise
- what ethical dilemmna-early warning in general may help you but in fact can hurt you?  Then is it ethically problematic?  Think about!
E) the advance of technology(what tech?) is of questionable value.



treefity350

  • Sr. Citizen
  • ****
  • Posts: 290
    • View Profile
Re: Hard assumption ?s on June 2005 LSAT - heeellpp
« Reply #3 on: November 16, 2009, 11:06:34 AM »
Quote
Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their sociey and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness.
= protagonists---- scorn allegiance/ advocate detachment (P1)

 However modern literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically.

 = the literature of earlier---- treats such protagonists sympathetically.(P2)

Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good.
= Sympathetic treatment----- unconcerned about contributing (P3)

Thus modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.
= modern literature---- damage individuals (Con):
contra/~damaging individual---~modern literature

P2+P3= the literature of earlier---- unconcerned about contributing (P4)
P4+Con=~damaging individual---- unconcerned about contributing
=contra: concerned about contributing----benefiting/advataging individual

This is wrong. The first explanation was sufficient. It actually might be a useful exercise to go through this and see where it goes wrong. But probably not.
Remember when I was at the picnic - the company picnic - and I hit the ball over the fence? You guys didn't think I'd catch it too but I did. I'm fast as s**t - 17 stolen bases in '72, 18 in '91.