Law School Discussion

what is the flaw in this stimulus?

nooyyllib

what is the flaw in this stimulus?
« on: September 06, 2009, 07:59:37 PM »
Only a minority of those who engage in political action do so out of a sense of social justice.  Therefore, some people who have a sense of social justice do not engage in political action.

seems like the flaw is confusion of "minority"

and how does this flaw match with

(A)   Most scholars are not motivated by a desire to win prestigious academic prizes.  Thus, some of those who want to win prestigious academic prizes are not scholars

thanks

EarlCat

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Re: what is the flaw in this stimulus?
« Reply #1 on: September 06, 2009, 11:05:50 PM »
Only a minority of those who engage in political action do so out of a sense of social justice.  Therefore, some people who have a sense of social justice do not engage in political action.

seems like the flaw is confusion of "minority"

and how does this flaw match with

(A)   Most scholars are not motivated by a desire to win prestigious academic prizes.  Thus, some of those who want to win prestigious academic prizes are not scholars

thanks

In the stimulus, they're ignoring the possibility that ALL who have a sense of social justice engage in political action.  Similarly, in (A), they're ignoring the possibility that ALL of those who want to win prestigious academic prizes are scholars.

River

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Re: what is the flaw in this stimulus?
« Reply #2 on: September 08, 2009, 11:53:58 AM »
Only a minority of those who engage in political action do so out of a sense of social justice.
=SSJ-----minority of those engaging in political action

therefore some people who have a sense of social justice do not engage in political action.
=some people (with SSJ)-----~engaging political action

Here we can not justify the conclusion from the premise(enaging vs. not engaging)


(A)   Most scholars are not motivated by a desire to win prestigious academic prizes. 
=Most scholars--- ~motivated/ac
contra:motivated/ac----some scholars

Thus, some of those who want to win prestigious academic prizes are not scholars
=some/ac---~not scholars

same as above(some scholars vs. none of the scholars): NOT JUSTFIABLE!!!


Re: what is the flaw in this stimulus?
« Reply #3 on: September 08, 2009, 01:01:51 PM »
Only a minority of those who engage in political action do so out of a sense of social justice.  Therefore, some people who have a sense of social justice do not engage in political action.

seems like the flaw is confusion of "minority"

and how does this flaw match with

(A)   Most scholars are not motivated by a desire to win prestigious academic prizes.  Thus, some of those who want to win prestigious academic prizes are not scholars

thanks

Both of them do this...

Premise: A(Engage in Political Action)some B(sense of social justice)
Conclusion:  B(sense of social justice)some A-(do not engage)

You can never make any valid conclusion with two "some" statements. 

Answer choice A follows this to the "T".

S some NMBA
NMBA some S-  (Not motivated by awards-----some not scholars)