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the government of sudan calls the conflict in the darfur region...a region between chad and sudan... a "tribal clash".

..it is not...

it has been blown out of proportion...

sudan's central government is controlled by northern nile valley arabs...the south was dominated by furs...dar"fur" ...who are ethnically african...and for two decades through the early eighties and nineties...the furs were in conflict with the arabs...after drought in the north the arabs looked to the south for land...the southern furs administrated their own territory...drought and famine affected this southern area of darfur as well (a region prone to draught and famine)...furs distrusted the arab northern government...but arab nomads continually pushed their way south attempting to take land...the furs in the region of jebel marrain pushed back...in the late eighties former president sadiq el mahdi formed an arab militia called the muraheleen’ to deal with the furs which further added to the ethnic africans distrust of the arab run government{which tried to restructure the local administrative {tribal} set up in the south}...

initial struggles were between the southern ethnic africans...to some extent zahgawans...and ethnic arabs who wanted control of the southern darfur region...with the arabs worried that the ethnic africans were going to take over the whole region including the central government...the ethnic arabs created rebel groups...the ethnic africans also had rebel groups...{quite a tribal land}...the ethnic africans "furs" created the sudan liberation movement and the african muslims as well as ethnic africans created the justice and equality movement j.e.m who attacked military installations because of the economic and political constrictions inflicted on african tribes because of the previous two decades of arab government meddling.  but also in response to omar el bashir's actions...he is a genocidal murderer...

..this new president in the north in 1999...took over...omar el bashir who restructured the government...added former muraheleen members to his national congress party...removed the african muslims from  administrative positions...and turned remaining muraheleen into a paramilitary force...a force which attacked the furs and destroyed their communities with raids...the s.l.a. who were ethnic furs ...wanted...restructuring and devolution of power for all sudanese...the j.e.m  was formed to push back against el bashir and in defiance to the african muslims removed from power...he replaced the former african muslim leaders with arabs who only sought to protect the nomadic ethnic arabs and muslim arabs and their interests...the j.e.m was a more rigorous attempt to regain some control of the government by the african muslims removed from power and went under a banner to restore a more equilibrium  of ethnicity to the government.

...to combat the rebel forces from the south of furs and african muslims...president bashir turned to mercenaries...or guerrillas called "janjaweed"...who were drawn from arab nomadic tribes...their leaders are emirs from the chad/sudan region...so called emirs...aye call them outright pompous genocidal executioners...their militias formed a fighting force of mercenary murderers, rapists, and pillagers...drunk with the desire of rapine...imbibed in blood.

their impetus was to displace the african tribes and take away their ancestral land...their homes...their livelihood...their plan was to relocate african ethnic groups from large areas of the region...redistribute their population...mainly in the vicinity of government-controlled towns where they could be in concentration camps...

chadian ethnic militias were also involved on both sides of the conflict...they are part of the janjaweed militia... cross-border incursions by sudaneze and allied chadian janjaweed militias intensified the torture in the first half of 2004.


the chad and sudan janjaweed began the holocaust in 2004...and plundered the region into a potable armeggedon of despair.

The chadian government and its leader... idriss deby , a zaghawa must tread lightly...it is engaged in a tenuous quatra-tante with sudans government who may just wish to let this crisis explode into a third world war with darfur as the battlefield...deby must appease the zaghawan community from darfur...which straddles the chad/sudan border AND brought him to power... deby must resolve his new ethnic african and ethnic zaghawan refugees from the darfur region and keep a watchful eye upon the chadian arab population...with its powerful chadian arab army who would like to gather up more land from the sudan region and use the darfur region for armament and staging to take over chad...


perhaps it is time for idriss deby and african union leaders to meet...

uganda and erteria need to be at the table...and a revitalized and aggressive african union force must have boots on the ground to quarantine the darfur region...

perhaps it is time for momar kadafi to come out of hiding...

one thing is for sure...bashir has got to go...the question is when..."once you begin digging mass graves...you have to go..."

this is up to the african union...the u.n. is ineffectual...oh, how history reciprocates...sad.

god knows americans are not going to want to lend military assistance...let's see if we can stand behind some aggressive diplomacy... global media attention...humanitarian assistance...and political peacemaking.

...many of us have become fat and stupid...isolationists...unif ormed uninformed...and peacecowards selling doves in God's house...aye will name none...but aye will kick over their chairs...


px.o.rsta.


4151 :-\
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...does anyone have an idea how the status of momar qadafi resonates?

elephant lee??? ::)

aye know u read this..
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...hopefully this is not just showmanship....chad has to be brought to the table...very important.

Burkina Faso minister to be Darfur mediator

Sat 28 Jun 2008, 8:26 GMT
 


UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Burkina Faso Foreign Minister Djibril Bassole has been chosen as the new U.N. and African Union joint chief mediator for Darfur, though his appointment has yet to be confirmed, diplomats said on Friday.

Several diplomats told Reuters the United Nations and AU had settled on Bassole as the best choice to try to broker a resolution to the five-year-old conflict in Sudan's western region of Darfur.

 "Bassole has been chosen," said one diplomat. "Now the question is whether everyone involved will give their final agreement."

The diplomats spoke on condition of anonymity because the appointment is not yet official. They said it was still possible that Sudanese President President Omar Hassan al-Bashir could object to Bassole's appointment.

However, they said the AU was expected to endorse Bassole as the mediator at its foreign ministers meeting now under way in the Egyptian Red Sea town of Sharm el-Sheikh.

If confirmed, Bassole will replace the dual negotiating team of AU special envoy for Darfur Salim Ahmed Salim and his counterpart at the United Nations, Jan Eliasson.

Burkina Faso helped mediate talks between the government and rebels in Ivory Coast's civil war and Bassole was actively involved.

Diplomats on the U.N. Security Council have said there is wide agreement that the idea of having two mediators going in and out of Darfur has not been an effective way of getting the Sudanese government and Darfur rebels to make peace.

The appointment of a single U.N.-AU mediator permanently based in Darfur is long overdue, they said.

International experts estimate that some 200,000 people have died and another 2.5 million been left homeless because of the conflict in Darfur. Khartoum says 10,000 have died.

Darfur's stalled peace talks were dealt another blow last month when the rebel Justice and Equality Movement attacked a suburb of Khartoum.

Eliasson and Salim said this week an international summit should be called to put pressure on the parties to come back to the negotiating table.

If you prick us, do we not bleed?  
  if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison  
  us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not  
  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare

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the sudan government only wants a holocaust in dar fur...they must be stopped...momar quahdahfi could help...


Summit needed to jumpstart peace in Darfur - UN, AU
Wed 25 Jun 2008, 6:02 GMT
 
[-] Text
  • By Louis Charbonneau


UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Top U.N. and African Union envoys on Tuesday called for an international summit on the 5-year-old conflict in Darfur to pressure Sudan and rebel groups to end violence and restart stalled peace talks.

In a bleak report to the U.N. Security Council on the situation in Darfur, U.N. special envoy Jan Eliasson said there was "reason to seriously question whether the parties are ready to sit down at the negotiation table and make the compromises necessary for peace."

 Eliasson and his African Union counterpart Salim Ahmed Salim said international organizations, the 15 members of the Security Council and other U.N. member states should pressure the government and rebels to end hostilities and make peace.

They said that a "high-level international meeting" including Sudan, Security Council countries, other major powers and African states, as well as probably the rebels, might help force Khartoum and the rebels to make peace.

"As a new approach is required in dealing with this crisis, such a meeting will provide a unique opportunity for reflection, consideration and action," Salim told the council.

Eliasson said a summit would provide an opportunity for countries to use their influence and "bilateral leverage" to pressure Khartoum and the rebels to resume peace talks.

Human rights activists have called on China to use its substantial influence to push Khartoum to remove obstacles to the full deployment of a U.N.-AU peacekeeping force, known as UNAMID, in Darfur. So far only 9,000 of the planned 26,000 UNAMID troops and police are on the ground in western Sudan.

Salim made it clear that negotiations between Khartoum and the rebels had ground to a halt.

"The political process has reached an impasse," Salim said. "There is a need to rethink the strategy on the way forward."

In a new report on UNAMID, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said last month's attack by the rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) on Omdurman, a suburb of Khartoum, was "a stark reminder that peace in Darfur remains elusive."

"The JEM attack on Omdurman and the continued fighting between rebel groups and the government and its allied forces indicate that the parties are not ready for serious talks," Ban said in his report to the Security Council.

Since the attack, the government has been reluctant to talk to JEM, which Khartoum says is backed by Chad.

ESCALATING VIOLENCE

International experts estimate that some 200,000 people have died and another 2.5 million been left homeless because of the conflict in Darfur. Khartoum says 10,000 have died.

Eliasson and Salim both listed several things that must happen if there was to be peace in Darfur. First of all, the 2005 peace deal between northern and southern Sudan that ended two decades of civil war must be fully implemented so that the Sudanese government could show it is a trustworthy partner.

Secondly, Chad and Sudan needed to normalize relations and put an end to the escalating violence, they said. Both Chad and Sudan accuse each other of supporting rebel groups that oppose the other's government.

Finally, peace talks must resume and UNAMID must be fully deployed. Western countries have blamed Khartoum for the slow deployment, accusing it of handpicking nationalities and blocking non-African contingents.

But U.N. officials complain that troop-contributing countries have failed to provide essential hardware, such as helicopters, which UNAMID need to travel across Darfur, a region roughly the size of France.

Salim warned the council that even if all 26,000 UNAMID troops were deployed in Darfur, they would not bring calm to western Sudan if the government and rebels did not want peace.

If you prick us, do we not bleed?  
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  us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not  
  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare

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indigos sign on...us going there aye think...get ready...or are we there already.


Bashir charged with Darfur genocide
By Barney Jopson in Khartoum and Megan Murphy in London

Published: July 15 2008 03:00 | Last updated: July 15 2008 03:00

Omar al-Bashir, the Sudan-ese president, has been formally charged with genocide in Darfur by the prosecutor of the Inter-national Criminal Court, a move that threatens to cause further instability in Sudan and puts the ICC's credibility on the line.

Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the ICC's chief prosecutor, said he could no longer "stay silent" over the campaign of murder, rape and displacement being carried out in Sudan's Darfur region, where about 300,000 people have been killed and 2.5m forced from their homes since 2003, according to United Nations estimates.

A total of 10 charges have been filed against the president: three counts of genocide, five of crimes against humanity and two of -murder.

The indictment, which was widely trailed, was met with anger and indignation by the Khartoum government, which has not recognised the court and has -characterised the charges as evidence of a western conspiracy to remove Mr Bashir from power.

The move has split opinion among politicians and diplomats outside the country: some applaud the ICC's pursuit of justice at the highest level but others fear it could kill off any chance of ending the Darfur conflict by negotiation with the government.

Darfur, in the west of Sudan, has been racked by violence since rebels seeking a greater share of power and wealth launched an insurgency five years ago. It triggered aerial bombardment and attacks by Arab militia groups sponsored by the government.

Mr Moreno-Ocampo said Mr Bashir had masterminded and implemented a plan to destroy three Darfur tribes seen to be challenging the province's marginalisation. "His motives were largely political. His alibi was a 'counterinsurgency'. His intent was genocide,"

he said in a statement. He asked ICC judges to issue an arrest warrant for Mr Bashir and their ruling is expected in one to three months.

Ali al-Sadiq, a Sudanese foreign ministry spokesman, said: "The ICC indictment of the president has completely disregarded the efforts undertaken by the government, the regional powers and the international community [on Darfur]."

Some Darfur experts say the indictments risk creating a siege mentality within the Khartoum regime that prevents any form of productive engagement aimed at bringing peace to Darfur.

The African Union said: "The AU's position is that nothing should be done that might jeopardise the peace processes in Sudan."

But Sudan activists say resorting to the ICC was a necessary step, since the efforts of the inter-national community - encompassing sanctions, peace processes and a joint UN-AU peacekeeping force - have yielded few positive results.

Staff at the UN, which the Sudanese regime views as the ICC's master, had feared the indictments would trigger reprisals. But those fears receded on Monday as a government spokesman said the UN and its peacekeepers would not be expelled and Khartoum would actively seek to protect them.

The streets of the capital remained calm before and after the announcement of the indictment, but one student leader said a large demonstration was being planned for today.

The US is the only country to have said the conflict in Darfur amounts to genocide. Mr Moreno-Ocampo's indictment is likely to put the US on the spot because it has refused to become a member of the ICC over concern that its own citizens might be charged.
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  us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not  
  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare

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U.S. President George W. Bush said Wednesday he is disappointed that Russia and China vetoed a U.N. arms embargo against Zimbabwe.

The United States strongly supported the U.N. Security Council resolution to sanction Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe following his re-election last month after his opponent exited the race amid fears for his life.

"We deeply care about the plight of the citizens of Zimbabwe. And we hope there's a peaceful resolution soon," Bush said after meeting with Burkinabe President Blaise Compaore. "I made my position abundantly clear that, one, we are disappointed with the veto of the U.N. Security Council resolution."

Bush called Compaore "a constructive force for peace and stability."

Compaore said he and Bush also talked about the need for a political solution to the crisis in Darfur, which he said is "weighing very heavily in all Africa."

Burkina Faso has qualified for a five-year, $480-million grant from the U.S. Millennium Challenge Corp. to help farmers by investing in irrigation, expanding access to land titles and credit, among other things.

(Source: UPI )
If you prick us, do we not bleed?  
  if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison  
  us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not  
  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare

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read "global rift"

we have been distracted by merchants selling doves in god's house...jesus kicked over their chairs in anger...they are ignorant to those who dig mass graves like saddam hussein and his sons did to the kurdish and shiites...like hitler did to the gypsys and the jewish people and...like al bashir has done to the furs...and there are some people who choose to sell doves...

...some of us have been kicking over their chairs...and their numbers are dwindling...how many of them protest the removal of saddam hussein now?  without a body count those who sell doves disappear...have you noticed that they do not like to stand?  have you noticed that the war protesters are not on street corners anymore?  have you noticed that the media dove sellers have lost business? lately?

...when mass graves are dug...those who dig them must go...
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  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare

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Beshir to tour Darfur under war crimes cloud
2 hours ago

KHARTOUM (AFP) — Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir, facing a possible international arrest warrant for allegedly masterminding genocide in Darfur, is to make a rare visit to the war-torn region on Wednesday.

The two-day trip will take the head of state, a bevy of officials and a plane load of journalists, to the three state capitals in the vast arid region, El Fasher in the north, Nyala in the south and El Geneina in the west.

At each stop he is scheduled to address popular ceremonies organised in his honour, as well as hold talks with state government officials, local leaders and political party representatives, the presidency announced.

Beshir heads first to El Fasher, the old capital of Darfur and headquarters for a poorly manned and equipped UN-led peacekeeping mission.

He then proceeds to Nyala, where he will inaugurate development projects and visit a water station, before flying on to El Geneina, not far from the Chadian border, on Thursday and returning to Khartoum.

International Criminal Court prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo accuses Beshir of instructing his forces to annihilate three non-Arab groups in Darfur, masterminding murder, torture, pillaging and using rape to commit genocide.

Members of those groups, the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa, some of whom belong to Beshir's National Congress Party in the complex overlapping nature of the Darfur conflict, are also expected to greet the president.

State media quoted Beshir as reiterating to Arab lawyers on Monday that Sudan rejected any outside interference, "blackmail and pressure" and vowed again never to surrender any citizen to the international community.

The United Nations says that up to 300,000 people have died and more than 2.2 million have fled their homes since the conflict erupted in February 2003. Sudan says 10,000 have been killed.

The war began when African ethnic minority rebels took up arms against the Arab-dominated Khartoum regime and state-backed Arab militias, fighting for resources and power in one of the most remote and deprived places on earth.

Presidency officials refused to comment on the purpose or the timing of Wednesday's visit, but analysts predicted the move was part of Sudan's intense diplomatic offensive to stave off potential ICC charges.

"I think the purpose of the visit is to show that the people of Darfur do not agree with the ICC," said Adil el-Baz, editor in chief of the independent Al-Ahdath newspaper.

"It makes him look politically very good if the people of Darfur welcome him and observers see thousands of people rushing to welcome him. This will give him a new image in the international community," he told AFP.

The government is in full control of the three main towns of Darfur, which are heavily protected from the open desert and scrub where the conflict pitting the army and state-backed militias against ethnic rebels has been conducted.

Beshir's regime is focused on trying to persuade the UN Security Council to freeze possible legal proceedings should ICC judges actually issue an arrest warrant, on the grounds that it could jeopardise peace prospects.

The African Union, supported by the Arab League, on Monday urged the UN Security Council to stall possible legal action against Beshir.

The Council can pass a resolution to defer for a period of 12 months, renewable, any investigation or prosecution by the ICC with a majority of nine votes, including the concurring votes of all five permanent members.

Of those five, China and Russia are concerned about the ICC move. The United States does not recognise the ICC but has said genocide is taking place in Darfur.

France, where Sudanese Foreign Minister Deng Alor has been holding talks, and Britain have signed up to the ICC.

Of the 10 rotating members, Sudan hopes to bank on the support of at least Burkina Faso, Libya, South Africa and Indonesia.

The remaining members are EU countries Belgium and Italy; Croatia, Costa Rica, Panama and Vietnam.

Beshir last visited Darfur in 2007 in a bid to demonstrate commitment to developing the region.
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  us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not  
  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare

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Halima Bashir tells Mark Tran about her traumatic experiences in Darfur Halima Bashir, a young Sudanese woman who has been a victim of and witness to numerous barbaric acts in Darfur, has spoken out against the government in Khartoum with a hard-hitting account of the tragedy.

A member of the Zaghawa tribe, Bashir puts a human face on a situation where the number of casualties is so large as to be incomprehensible. The conflict between the Arab-dominated government in Khartoum and black Africans in Darfur, in western Sudan, has left about 300,000 dead and created as many as 2.5 million refugees, according to the UN.

Bashir, 29, said Tears of the Desert, written with the journalist Damien Lewis, who won an award for his reporting from Darfur last year, was her chance to speak out about the atrocities perpetrated by the Sudanese government against black Africans in Darfur.

"My story is not the only one," she said in London, where she lives with her husband and young son after a long battle to win asylum. "There are hundreds of thousands of other stories more painful than mine. With this book it is as if I'm telling this story for Darfuri women. I will keep on talking – it is the only thing I can give my people."

In Bashir, the victims of what the international criminal court has described as a policy of genocide by Sudan's leaders have found a soft-spoken but iron-willed representative.

Bashir arrived for our interview at a hotel in central London with her round, youthful face uncovered. But she was firm about not revealing her face to the world, particularly to the Sudanese authorities. While she remains safe in Britain, she fears for the safety of her mother, sister and two brothers, who joined the rebels in Darfur.

She still does not know what happened to her family after they fled their village when government troops and the notorious Janjaweed militia attacked. The men of the village stood and fought to buy time for the women and children to flee to the forest. Her father died in the attack. Bashir does not want the Khartoum government to use the knowledge of what she looks like to track down her family – if they are still alive.

Because of fears for her family, Bashir talked to us with her face covered by headgear, hastily purchased around the corner from John Lewis. Only her eyes were visible during the interview.

Tears of the Desert is not just an account of the atrocities committed by the government-backed Janjaweed – or devils on horseback – against black Africans. The first half of the book describes a happy childhood in a close-knit Darfur village, although it does not gloss over Bashir's hideous circumcision at the age of eight.

For the most part, however, growing up was a happy time for Bashir. Family scenes that feature her much-loved grandmother and her best friend, Kadiga, are vividly brought to life. Like little girls anywhere, Bashir played with dolls, although these were rag dolls made from old clothes stuffed with straw.

Her father had big plans for Bashir and she was the first girl from her village to go away to school. Eventually she became a doctor, but she ran into trouble with the authorities for telling a reporter that the government should help all Darfuri people regardless of their tribe.

As punishment she was transferred to Mazkhabad, a village in the remote north of Darfur, and put in charge of a clinic. This is where she saw and experienced at first hand the atrocities of the Darfur conflict. Not even in her darkest nightmare had she imagined she would witness such horror, she wrote, as she treated girls as young as eight who had been repeatedly raped.

Bashir had to care for more than 40 girls who were sexually assaulted at their school while government soldiers cordoned off the premises. Parents were kept standing outside the school as their daughters' screaming pierced the air.

A rape victim who was a teacher told Bashir: "They were shouting and screaming at us. You know what they were saying? 'We have come here to kill you! To finish you all! You are black slaves! You are worse than dogs. The worst was that they were laughing and yelping with joy as they did those terrible things."

The Janjaweed eventually came for Bashir herself. Three men in khaki uniforms took her from the clinic to a military camp, where she was beaten and repeatedly raped. The ordeal went on into a second day with Bashir retreating in her head "to a faraway place where my God had taken me, a place where they couldn't reach me".

One of her captors told her: "We're going to let you live because we know you'd prefer to die. Isn't that clever of us? Aren't we clever, doctor? We may not have your education, but we're damn smart, wouldn't you agree?"

Hard as it was for her to go over such painful memories, Bashir said the process of writing her memoir help her come to terms with her terrible ordeal. More importantly, she wanted to tell the whole world about what was going on, especially the atrocities committed against young girls.

"These men were not normal," she said. "No normal people would do such a thing to children. I wanted to tell the whole world what was happening."

She could only explain the actions of the aggressors as an extremely virulent form of racism.

"It is because of the colour of our skin, it is because we are black," she said. "Even at school they give us nicknames and make jokes about us. It is something that has gone on a long time."

Bashir cited her experience at medical school where she had a reputation as a swot. The corpses students worked on were exclusively black. One of her friends said: "Arabs do not give a damn about us when we're alive, and even less when we're dead".

Some foreign policy commentators have criticised the international criminal court's decision to charge Omar al-Bashir, the Sudanese president, with genocide and crimes against humanity. They say it will make a peace deal between the Sudanese government and the rebels harder to achieve and warn it could jeopardise the already troubled deployment of a joint UN-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur.

Bashir, however, has no reservations about the court's decision. She told an audience at the Royal Festival Hall: "I can't explain how happy I am for the ICC case," she said. "It is now more than five years this has been going on and very little has been done. It's as if we've been talking to deaf people. For me this is a step for justice."

· Tears of the Desert, by Halima Bashir, written with Damien Lewis, is published by Hodder & Stoughton.
If you prick us, do we not bleed?  
  if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison  
  us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not  
  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare

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Genocide's legacy in Bosnia, Darfur
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Jul 23, 2008 04:30 AM
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Strutting the Balkan stage at the height of his notoriety, Radovan Karadzic's foppish head of hair made him an instantly recognizable poster boy for accused war criminals. Defiant and unrepentant in his day, he is utterly unrecognizable today: bearded, gaunt and greying – a shadow of his former self as the wartime Bosnian Serb president.

A decade after he went on the run, Karadzic's genocidal legacy has caught up with him, but the charge sheet remains unchanged. Accused of masterminding the deaths of as many as 8,000 Muslims in Bosnia's 1992-95 war, he had slipped in and out of Belgrade all this time – unhindered, but not undetected.

What changed, apart from his appearance, was the political landscape. Now, with time running out on the mandate of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and with Serbia looking for a new beginning in Europe, there was a confluence of motive and timing.

After all, there had been previous sightings of Karadzic, just not the political will to seize him. A former psychiatrist, Karadzic never hunkered down in a spider hole like Saddam Hussein; he practised medicine in the open. Undoubtedly, elements of the security services had protected Karadzic and his co-accused, former military commander Ratko Mladic, whom police now say they are closing in on.

Much credit for the new approach goes to Serbian President Boris Tadic, who narrowly fended off a nationalist resurgence in recent elections and has rallied his fledgling coalition government behind a vision of engagement with Europe. He recognizes that part of the price for membership in the European Union remains a full accounting for Serbian wartime atrocities in Europe's worst massacre since World War II. By war's end, some 250,000 people were dead and 1.8 million displaced.

UN judges and prosecutors in The Hague will move briskly once Karadzic is extradited, keen to avoid the mistakes they made with another accused war criminal, former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic, who turned his four-year trial into a soapbox and died before the court could render a verdict.

Karadzic's capture sends a timely signal to human rights abusers that the world will not forget, despite the passage of time. Just last week, the International Criminal Court filed genocide charges against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. He was accused of masterminding the systematic murder, rape and ethnic cleansing of the people of Darfur, where 300,000 people have died and 2.5 million are displaced.

Like Karadzic at the height of his power, al-Bashir has brushed aside the charges. The victims of human rights abuses, whether in Bosnia or Darfur, need to know there will be justice; so, too, do the perpetrators.



 
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Sitting Leaders Cannot Be Immune
I think the cases of Karadzic and Milosevic reinforce the effectiveness of charging war criminals, even if they are still government leaders. Justice may not be immediate, but the message is clear. In the case of Sudan, there is still a great deal of controversy over the decision to seek an arrest warrant for the Sudanese President. Even if it is not affected immediately, however, the possibility of an arrest warrant makes it more likely that President Bashir will eventually have to answer for his actions. He is on the very end of the chain of command and therefore at least partly responsible for the deaths of 300,000 people and the displacement of millions. Justice may not be the first priority at the moment for the people in Darfur, but it is reassuring to know that this man will not be able to live out his days in comfort.

Posted by itemple at 3:36 PM Wednesday, July 23 2008

 
If you prick us, do we not bleed?  
  if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison  
  us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not  
  revenge? m.of v. w.shaka                                             speare