Please help me!
OK for Section 2: #s 10, 19
10. I chose A. After going through the problem, I can see why it is incorrect and why E is the correct choice. However, I can also see D being true. Can someone explain why D is wrong?
19. I chose C and crossed off D. I am totally confused on this one.
Section 4: 6, 12, 22, 23
6. I chose D and crossed off B and E. I thought D was correct..
12. Even after going back and reviewing this one, I can still see the truth in D.
22. I chose B.
23. I chose C.
Thank you in advance!! =)
PT 49 - 2/10
The first key to the what do they disagree about questions is that the participants, before they can be alleged to disagree on a point, must have an opinion on that point. There are two ways you can be sure they have an opinion about a point. The first is if they express one. The second is if the point, although unexpressed, is a necessary assumption of their argument. If they do not show an opinion on a point, you cannot state they disagree about it.
When going through the response options, the first thing you want to do is eliminate any proposed points on which both parties did not express or imply a position. Only then, if there is more than one response option remaining, will we look to see if they disagreed on a point.
Choice A? Megan expressly stated an opinion on this point (“people pursue wealth beyond . . . basic needs . . . .”). However, Channen did not disagree. She just provided an alternate explanation for the phenomenon.
Choices B, C and D are all wrong for the same reason. Nobody even discussed whether the alleged acts were rational. And, whether they were or not is not a necessary assumption of any conclusion they reached. If they did not discuss it, you cannot know whether they disagree about it.
Choice E? Megan says it is not. Channen provides an example of when it is. That is a disagreement.
PT 49 - 2/19
The argument starts with Vanwilligan stating a third party claim (pro’s salaries are unfairly high). Then he recites facts about why they are that high. In the end, he concludes the salaries are fair. However, he never really discussed the issue of fairness. He must just assume that the facts he presented imply fairness.
Choice A? No. There is nothing in the argument about what is fairest. Only whether these salaries are fair.
Choice B? No. This is a red herring. Even if it is true, it does not address the issue of fairness.
Choice C? No. This just repeats the facts. It does not include the needed assumption that salaries determined this way are fair.
Choice D? This does the trick. It relates the way the salaries are determined to the conclusion that is fair if done that way.
Choice E? No. This is backward. We are not discussing if it is fair when these facts are met. The assumption is that it is fair because these facts are met.
PT 49 - 4/6
First, understand the false logic:
All A (centaurs) are B (myth)
Many (some) B are C (express unconscious thoughts)
All A are C.
Obviously, just because all A are B and many B are C does not mean that all (or even any) A are C. [There could be 1000 myths, two about centaurs and the other 998 about something else. The other 998 could all express unconscious thought while the two about centaurs do not. All the statements would still be true - All A are B and Many B are C. But the conclusion still be false - no A are C].
Next, look for the response option which points this out.
Choice A? This is exactly what is wrong with the argument. It fails to show that which it claims - A are C.
Choice B? No. Reasons for fear are not part of the argument. The argument is about whether the myths are a reflection of that fear.
Choice C? No. This does not even talk about a comparison between expressed and suppressed fears.
Choice D? No. While the argument does fail to demonstrate this, it is not a logical flaw. In fact, it is irrelevant. The argument even states this may be true (“apparently independent”).
Choice E? No. Again, the argument is not about why. The argument is about “if.”