I don't think so. I'm pretty sure, in fact, that I can't, because to be a resident you need to have citizenship or a prolonged right to stay in the state, which on a student Visa I won't have. I'm not worried about my ability to stay in California afterwards (this is indeed my intention) but I don't think I'll be eligible for in-state tuition. After my Finals I'll go to the US Embassy in London and find out for sure. It's a real nuisance, actually!
Have you decided whether to matriculate this year?