The way I see it is that income level would be a better indicator of need since there are studies that show that low income people are often less educated and have fewer opportunities.
If I'm giving money for scholarships and have two applicants. One a wealthy black from O.C. and the other a poor white kid from the ghetto. AA demands I give the money to the black kid. Ethics demand I give it to the white kid because he is most disadvantaged.
I also have to agree that AA does not address social issues which cause most of the problems in poor black neighborhoods.
In some ghetto areas there is a liqour store every few blocks but grocery stores are miles and miles away. Why doesn't AA address this issue and help poor blacks start their own businesses? At least then they would learn how to help themselves rather than waiting for a handout.