That's where the arguing comes in. If the crime says you must KNOWINGLY burn a book, and he thinks he's burning a dresser, then you argue that he isn't KNOWINGLY burning a book, he thought it was a dresser. Or the statute defines the crime as "Entering a home with the intent to bring in a loaded weapon." You know you've entered the home, but you think it's a water gun. Or unloaded.Dumb examples, I'm sorry, but hopefully you get the idea.