But it is not necessary to imagine the earth being destroyed like a Nova by a stellar explosion to understand vividly the scope of atomic war and to recognize that unless another war is prevented it is likely to bring destruction on a scale never before made possible and even now hardly conceived and that little civilization would survive it.
As President Truman entered the Postdam Conference in 1945 with other Allied leaders Stalin and Churchill, the use of atomic warfare was the topic at hand. The fighting was still raging in the Far East, and all three leaders knew that something had to be done. From this conference, a stern warning was laid upon Japan. The warning did not change any policy in Japan. In fact, it is thought that the order to drop the two atomic weapons was made by Truman at the Postdam Conference. For approximately the first three years of World War II, the United States remained neutral. There were agreements of peace signed. The US upheld these agreements until on December 7, 1941, the Japanese bombed a US military base in Pearl Harbor. On December 8, 1941, the US and Canada joined the side of the Allies and changed the tide of the war completely. The main players on the side of the Allies were Great Britain, the Soviet Union, Canada, all of the Latin American countries, and parts of Africa, among many others. The main players for the Axis Powers were Germany, Italy and Japan. Once the US entered the war, a search was on to find the person who could bring the US into the atomic age. Einstein was this man. While most famous for such equations as e=mc2, Albert Einstein is also credited with the development of the use of atomic energy. His equation was actually the key to unlocking the theory of atomic energy. Einstein left Germany in 1932 because of anti-Jew protests against him. He accepted a teaching position at Princeton University. One month after his departure, the Nazis came into power in Germany, and Einstein would never return. The equation E=mc2 is the key that unlocks the ability to harness atomic energy. In its simplest form, this is the ability to split in atom, and harness the incredible amount of power that is released. It is a misconception to state that Einstein developed the atomic bomb. He did not, and in fact was a staunch critic to the use of atomic warfare. He said:Quote But it is not necessary to imagine the earth being destroyed like a Nova by a stellar explosion to understand vividly the scope of atomic war and to recognize that unless another war is prevented it is likely to bring destruction on a scale never before made possible and even now hardly conceived and that little civilization would survive it.However, it was Einstein, who in 1939 informed President Roosevelt of the ability to create a "superbomb." From the discovery of Einstein, a race began. The US was terrified that the Germans already had developed a weapon that used atomic energy, and were preparing to drop it. The Manhattan Project led by Robert Oppenheimer was created in the desert of New Mexico. Teams of the world's top scientists, doctors, and researchers worked around the clock in a frenzied like atmosphere to perfect their weapon, and on July 16, 1945 the first atomic bomb was detonated in Alamogordo, New Mexico.President Truman had made the decision to drop the bombs, and so the first was dropped on August 6, 1945 on Hiroshima at 8:15 a.m. A B-29 Bomber called the Enola Gay dropped the "Little Boy" on the Japanese city. This bomb destroyed 1.5 miles of the city. The damage was made worse by the winds, created upon detonation, which hit the mountains that surround Hiroshima, and were reflected back into the heart of the city. It is estimated that the total loss of life from this bomb, including those who died later of exposure to radiation, is 200,000. The second and larger bomb was dropped on August 9, 1945 on Nagasaki. The loss of life from this bomb was a little higher than the number from Hiroshima.