Law School Discussion

LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR


LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR
« on: April 29, 2004, 12:59:05 PM »
I took the October 1996 LSAT approx. four months ago, under simulated LSAT conditions.  I, recently, purchased 10 More, Actual LSATs, which contains this test.  I decided to re-take the test (as I did not remember the answers to the questions), un-timed, to see I missed the same questions or if I have improved in any section.  I have missed question 20 in section four (and LR section) both times.  Each time I was able to eliminate choices B and D.† Each time I choose choice C.† The correct answer is E.  I am hoping someone could explain to me why answer E is correct AND why answer C is incorrect.  Thanks.

The report released by the interior ministry states that within the past 5 years the national land reclamation program has resulted in a 19 percent increase in the amount of arable land within the country. If these figures are accurate, the program has been a resounding success. Senator Armand, a distinguished mathematician and a woman of indisputable brilliance, maintains, however, that the reclamation program could not possibly have been successful. Clearly, therefore, the figures cited in the report cannot be accurate. 

The argument above exhibits an erroneous pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by which one of the following?

(A) Albertís father claims that Albert does not know where the spare car keys are hidden. Yesterday, however, Albert reported that he had discovered the spare car keys in the garage toolbox, so his fatherís claim cannot be true.

(B) Gloriaís drama teacher claims that her policy is to give each student the opportunity to act in at least one play during the year but, since Gloria, who attended every class, reports that she was not given such an opportunity, the teacherís claim cannot be true.

(C) Amos claims that he can hold his breath under water for a full hour. Dr. Treviso, a cardiopulmonary specialist, has stated that humans are physiologically incapable of holding their breath for even half that long; so Amosí claim cannot be true.

(D) Evelyn reports that she got home before midnight. Robert, who always knows the time, insists that she did not. If Robert is right, Evelyn could not possibly have listened to the late news; since she admits not having listened to the late news, her report cannot be true.

(E) Moira, after observing the finish of the 60-kilometer bicycle race, reports that Lee won with Adams a distant third. Lomas, a bicycle engineering expert, insists, however, that Lee could not have won a race in which Adams competed; so Moiraís report cannot be true.


Re: LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR
« Reply #1 on: April 29, 2004, 01:06:37 PM »
the reason why the answer is E is quite clear if you really think about it.

the "expert" in C talks about humans in general, whereas the "expert" in E talks about the specific bike race. in the question stem, the senator talks specifically about the program in question, not just programs in general. therefore, E is a more accurate parallel and therefore correct.


Re: LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR
« Reply #2 on: April 29, 2004, 01:08:30 PM »
when i said "question stem" i meant to say stimulus. :)


Re: LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR
« Reply #3 on: April 30, 2004, 11:11:22 PM »

the error in the argument is that an "expert" opinion can negate a fact

in (C) the doctor is not asserting an opinion

Re: LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR
« Reply #4 on: April 30, 2004, 11:27:41 PM »
I picked "C" as well- I think boner's rationale is correct.


Re: LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR
« Reply #5 on: May 01, 2004, 10:26:19 AM »
boner, that is basically what i was getting at. the doctor didn't give his specific opinion on the situation (Amos' claim). thats why C is the incorrect choice. i just worded it differently.

Re: LSAT 20 - Oct 96: Sec. 4, #20LR
« Reply #6 on: May 01, 2004, 10:33:16 AM »
I picked "c" as well..inappropriate appeal to an expert.