« on: October 19, 2007, 02:21:01 PM »
I just finished going through all the weakening questions from testmasters. can u explain the answers to these two please?
1. citizen: each year since 1970, a new record has been set for the number of murders committed in this city. this fact points to the decreasing ability of our law enforcement system to prevent violent crime.
city official: you overlook the fact that the city's population has risen steadily since 1970. in fact, the number of murder victims per 100 people has actually fallen slightly in the city since 1970.
question: which of the following, if true, would most strongly counter the city official's reponse?
answer: if the health care recieved by assualt victims last year had been of the same quality as it was in 1970, the murder rate of the city last year would have turned out to be several times what it actually was.
2. since anyone who supports the new tax plan has no chance of being elected, and anyone who truly understands economics would not support the tax plan, only someone wh truly understands economics would have any chance of being elected.question: the reasoning in the argument is flawed because the argument ignores the possibility that some people who:
answer: do not support the tax plan do not truly understand economics
( i know the second question has the flaw being a necessary/sufficient swtich in that the necessary condition ( not undertanding) is taken to be a sufficient one. however, i do not where to take it from there.