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41
http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/usjusticeracism

WASHINGTON (AFP) - Little Joshua McDonald only wanted to go to the kindergarten closest his house when his mother challenged Louisville, Kentucky authorities on his school assignment.

But he got much more: His case goes before the highest US court Monday as a test of 50 years of policy that has forced blacks and whites to travel across neighborhoods, towns and cities to ensure that the country's schools are integrated and children of all colors enjoy equal education opportunities.

The test case is brought to the Supreme Court by conservative organizations and white families in Louisville and Seattle, Washington, who say that the race-based policies that limit their choice of schools treat students unfairly and so are unconstitutional.

The case will challenge the Supreme Court's landmark 1954 decision, "Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka," which ended what was then the widespread practice of segregating children into schools by race.

The court held that even if the education was equal in every way, separation by itself is unequal treatment.

In a 2003 case involving the University of Michigan, the high court ruled that a "compelling state interest" allows consideration of race as a factor in selecting student applicants to promote racial diversity, even if the policy seemed to disadvantage whites.

But the vote by the nine justices was a bare five to four, and was tempered by the statement that such policies must be "narrowly tailored".

What is different this time is that the court has a new chief justice, John Roberts, and a new justice,        Samuel Alito, both conservatives who have shown some hostility to race-based school placements even if the goal is to further integration of society.

Meanwhile, a key judge who joined the majority in the 2003 decision,        Sandra Day O'Connor, has retired.

In the newest challenge to "Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka", the parents of white children argue that race has been the principal qualification for deciding school placement while other factors are devalued.

The court's decision could affect widespread "positive discrimination" policies -- those which give special advantages to disadvantaged minorities over whites -- at educational institutions at every level, from pre-school to university graduate school.

In Joshua McDonald's case, lawyers argue that, always classified by his race, he will never be able to demonstrate his scholarly or other achievements when being considered for admissions in the future.

But the Louisville and Seattle school systems argue that students like McDonald are still going to school and that, in theory, they will receive equal educations at any school they are put in.

Meanwhile, they also insist that policies designed to make sure schools are racially integrated are good for the society, even if some students are not allowed to go to the school of their choice.

A court decision for the parents would effectively reverse a 1975 federal court order for Louisville to integrate its schools.

The case to be heard Monday represents a growing challenge to proactive race-based integration policies around the country known as "affirmative action".


In 1996 California voters backed a ballot initiative ordering that race, gender and origin could not be criteria in deciding public jobs or contracts. Other states have followed suit with similar measures, the most recent Michigan in the November 7 elections.


42
http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/usjusticeracism

WASHINGTON (AFP) - Little Joshua McDonald only wanted to go to the kindergarten closest his house when his mother challenged Louisville, Kentucky authorities on his school assignment.

But he got much more: His case goes before the highest US court Monday as a test of 50 years of policy that has forced blacks and whites to travel across neighborhoods, towns and cities to ensure that the country's schools are integrated and children of all colors enjoy equal education opportunities.

The test case is brought to the Supreme Court by conservative organizations and white families in Louisville and Seattle, Washington, who say that the race-based policies that limit their choice of schools treat students unfairly and so are unconstitutional.

The case will challenge the Supreme Court's landmark 1954 decision, "Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka," which ended what was then the widespread practice of segregating children into schools by race.

The court held that even if the education was equal in every way, separation by itself is unequal treatment.

In a 2003 case involving the University of Michigan, the high court ruled that a "compelling state interest" allows consideration of race as a factor in selecting student applicants to promote racial diversity, even if the policy seemed to disadvantage whites.

But the vote by the nine justices was a bare five to four, and was tempered by the statement that such policies must be "narrowly tailored".

What is different this time is that the court has a new chief justice, John Roberts, and a new justice,        Samuel Alito, both conservatives who have shown some hostility to race-based school placements even if the goal is to further integration of society.

Meanwhile, a key judge who joined the majority in the 2003 decision,        Sandra Day O'Connor, has retired.

In the newest challenge to "Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka", the parents of white children argue that race has been the principal qualification for deciding school placement while other factors are devalued.

The court's decision could affect widespread "positive discrimination" policies -- those which give special advantages to disadvantaged minorities over whites -- at educational institutions at every level, from pre-school to university graduate school.

In Joshua McDonald's case, lawyers argue that, always classified by his race, he will never be able to demonstrate his scholarly or other achievements when being considered for admissions in the future.

But the Louisville and Seattle school systems argue that students like McDonald are still going to school and that, in theory, they will receive equal educations at any school they are put in.

Meanwhile, they also insist that policies designed to make sure schools are racially integrated are good for the society, even if some students are not allowed to go to the school of their choice.

A court decision for the parents would effectively reverse a 1975 federal court order for Louisville to integrate its schools.

The case to be heard Monday represents a growing challenge to proactive race-based integration policies around the country known as "affirmative action".

In 1996 California voters backed a ballot initiative ordering that race, gender and origin could not be criteria in deciding public jobs or contracts. Other states have followed suit with similar measures, the most recent Michigan in the November 7 elections.


43
General Off-Topic Board / Engineers and techs
« on: November 29, 2006, 07:06:33 PM »
nevermind..

44
Law School Applications / APP Status
« on: November 29, 2006, 11:30:38 AM »
Besides calling the admissions office, is there a way to check the status of your application?

I know that some schools allow you to check on their websites right?

Is this the case for all schools?

45
General Off-Topic Board / For all of the Houstonians..
« on: November 27, 2006, 05:27:28 PM »
Which neighborhoods in Houston do you not have to worry about being shot or robbed? 

North, South, East, or West? 

Over by University of St. Thomas? Or Rice University?

Where are there some nice apartements that are reasonably priced.. maybe 700-800 for a one bedroom..?

The wikipedia page for Houston says that a lot of the murders happen in the north central/southwest apartment complexes..

I mainly want to know which part of Houston is comparable to Uptown area of Dallas. 


46
Law School Applications / In your opinion...
« on: November 27, 2006, 04:43:38 PM »
What cities have a saturated legal market besides DC.

I calculate this by taking the total number of law students that accept jobs in the state divided by the number of people in the metro area of the city in question.  I know that it is a flawed method, but it is works for me..

What do you think?

47
Law School Applications / Fee waiver question....
« on: November 27, 2006, 11:02:47 AM »
Ok so two of my schools required that I print and sign a certification letter and mail it to the school. 

The letter goes like this..

Dear admin,

This is to inform you that I have submitted my app to your school and have enclosed a check for $55 for app fee... blah blah...

Then at the bottom, it has you pick your payment type. 

there is one box that is for credit check or money order

Then there is a box at the very bottom called "fee waiver"

And if you click the fee waiver box then the credit box becomes unchecked.

Then when you print and submit the app, LSAC only charges you for the LSDAS report..

Is this a fee waiver from the school?  Or do I still need to mail in the app fee like the letter states?  If so, then what does that "fee waiver" check box mean??

Thanks

48
Law School Applications / Did anyone get the feeling that....
« on: November 27, 2006, 09:59:46 AM »
I have written all of my statements, PS, resume, diversity, addenda.  Now I get to the actual school applications and I feel like I am not putting enough information on the apps... I mean I feel really rushed and like if the admin look at just the application then it does not do me any justice.

I really hope that they read the statements that I submit..

I mean, they ask you to list employment, but that is clearly listed on my resume..

In the prompts that ask for honors, of volunteer stuff, I have like two or three things listed but not descibed at all..

Did anyone else do this? 

It's hard putting the feeling into words... I just submitted all the apps and I don't know..  >:(

49
Law School Applications / LSAC LSAT problem
« on: November 25, 2006, 09:31:57 PM »
Ok, so I took the June exam and cancelled.  I then took the september exam and got a score.  Now I want to print off the exam from June and Sept. but when I click on the different sections for the test it pops up a new window then says it is done.. but the page is blank. 

The only links that work are

 Item Response Report (~ 142K)
        IRR Additional Information Document (~ 430K)
        Answer Sheet (~ 320K)
        Writing Sample (~ 160K)
        Conversion Table (~ 20K)


But these do not...


Section A in this disclosure book was Section 3 in your test and on your Candidate IRR.
 Section B in this disclosure book was Section 1 in your test and on your Candidate IRR.
 Section C in this disclosure book was Section 5 in your test and on your Candidate IRR.
 Section D in this disclosure book was Section 4 in your test and on your Candidate IRR.


Is this normal?  How do I get copies of these exams?

Thanks

50
Reviews, Visits, and Rankings / T3/T4 good and bad facilities thread.
« on: November 15, 2006, 02:13:45 PM »
Ok for all of us that aren't blessed with stellar grades and/or awesome LSAT.

Tell us about the facilities of some T3/T4 schools that you have encountered.


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