Law School Discussion

Specific Groups => Black Law Students => Topic started by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on June 15, 2008, 02:26:43 AM

Title: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on June 15, 2008, 02:26:43 AM
the government of sudan calls the conflict in the darfur region...a region between chad and sudan... a "tribal clash".

..it is not...

it has been blown out of proportion...

sudan's central government is controlled by northern nile valley arabs...the south was dominated by furs...dar"fur" ...who are ethnically african...and for two decades through the early eighties and nineties...the furs were in conflict with the arabs...after drought in the north the arabs looked to the south for land...the southern furs administrated their own territory...drought and famine affected this southern area of darfur as well (a region prone to draught and famine)...furs distrusted the arab northern government...but arab nomads continually pushed their way south attempting to take land...the furs in the region of jebel marrain pushed back...in the late eighties former president sadiq el mahdi formed an arab militia called the muraheleen’ to deal with the furs which further added to the ethnic africans distrust of the arab run government{which tried to restructure the local administrative {tribal} set up in the south}...

initial struggles were between the southern ethnic africans...to some extent zahgawans...and ethnic arabs who wanted control of the southern darfur region...with the arabs worried that the ethnic africans were going to take over the whole region including the central government...the ethnic arabs created rebel groups...the ethnic africans also had rebel groups...{quite a tribal land}...the ethnic africans "furs" created the sudan liberation movement and the african muslims as well as ethnic africans created the justice and equality movement j.e.m who attacked military installations because of the economic and political constrictions inflicted on african tribes because of the previous two decades of arab government meddling.  but also in response to omar el bashir's actions...he is a genocidal murderer...

..this new president in the north in 1999...took over...omar el bashir who restructured the government...added former muraheleen members to his national congress party...removed the african muslims from  administrative positions...and turned remaining muraheleen into a paramilitary force...a force which attacked the furs and destroyed their communities with raids...the s.l.a. who were ethnic furs ...wanted...restructuring and devolution of power for all sudanese...the j.e.m  was formed to push back against el bashir and in defiance to the african muslims removed from power...he replaced the former african muslim leaders with arabs who only sought to protect the nomadic ethnic arabs and muslim arabs and their interests...the j.e.m was a more rigorous attempt to regain some control of the government by the african muslims removed from power and went under a banner to restore a more equilibrium  of ethnicity to the government.

...to combat the rebel forces from the south of furs and african muslims...president bashir turned to mercenaries...or guerrillas called "janjaweed"...who were drawn from arab nomadic tribes...their leaders are emirs from the chad/sudan region...so called emirs...aye call them outright pompous genocidal executioners...their militias formed a fighting force of mercenary murderers, rapists, and pillagers...drunk with the desire of rapine...imbibed in blood.

their impetus was to displace the african tribes and take away their ancestral land...their homes...their livelihood...their plan was to relocate african ethnic groups from large areas of the region...redistribute their population...mainly in the vicinity of government-controlled towns where they could be in concentration camps...

chadian ethnic militias were also involved on both sides of the conflict...they are part of the janjaweed militia... cross-border incursions by sudaneze and allied chadian janjaweed militias intensified the torture in the first half of 2004.


the chad and sudan janjaweed began the holocaust in 2004...and plundered the region into a potable armeggedon of despair.

The chadian government and its leader... idriss deby , a zaghawa must tread lightly...it is engaged in a tenuous quatra-tante with sudans government who may just wish to let this crisis explode into a third world war with darfur as the battlefield...deby must appease the zaghawan community from darfur...which straddles the chad/sudan border AND brought him to power... deby must resolve his new ethnic african and ethnic zaghawan refugees from the darfur region and keep a watchful eye upon the chadian arab population...with its powerful chadian arab army who would like to gather up more land from the sudan region and use the darfur region for armament and staging to take over chad...


perhaps it is time for idriss deby and african union leaders to meet...

uganda and erteria need to be at the table...and a revitalized and aggressive african union force must have boots on the ground to quarantine the darfur region...

perhaps it is time for momar kadafi to come out of hiding...

one thing is for sure...bashir has got to go...the question is when..."once you begin digging mass graves...you have to go..."

this is up to the african union...the u.n. is ineffectual...oh, how history reciprocates...sad.

god knows americans are not going to want to lend military assistance...let's see if we can stand behind some aggressive diplomacy... global media attention...humanitarian assistance...and political peacemaking.

...many of us have become fat and stupid...isolationists...unif ormed uninformed...and peacecowards selling doves in God's house...aye will name none...but aye will kick over their chairs...


px.o.rsta.


4151 :-\
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on June 17, 2008, 07:09:12 AM



...does anyone have an idea how the status of momar qadafi resonates?

elephant lee??? ::)

aye know u read this..
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on June 28, 2008, 11:05:08 PM
...hopefully this is not just showmanship....chad has to be brought to the table...very important.

Burkina Faso minister to be Darfur mediator

Sat 28 Jun 2008, 8:26 GMT
 


UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Burkina Faso Foreign Minister Djibril Bassole has been chosen as the new U.N. and African Union joint chief mediator for Darfur, though his appointment has yet to be confirmed, diplomats said on Friday.

Several diplomats told Reuters the United Nations and AU had settled on Bassole as the best choice to try to broker a resolution to the five-year-old conflict in Sudan's western region of Darfur.

 "Bassole has been chosen," said one diplomat. "Now the question is whether everyone involved will give their final agreement."

The diplomats spoke on condition of anonymity because the appointment is not yet official. They said it was still possible that Sudanese President President Omar Hassan al-Bashir could object to Bassole's appointment.

However, they said the AU was expected to endorse Bassole as the mediator at its foreign ministers meeting now under way in the Egyptian Red Sea town of Sharm el-Sheikh.

If confirmed, Bassole will replace the dual negotiating team of AU special envoy for Darfur Salim Ahmed Salim and his counterpart at the United Nations, Jan Eliasson.

Burkina Faso helped mediate talks between the government and rebels in Ivory Coast's civil war and Bassole was actively involved.

Diplomats on the U.N. Security Council have said there is wide agreement that the idea of having two mediators going in and out of Darfur has not been an effective way of getting the Sudanese government and Darfur rebels to make peace.

The appointment of a single U.N.-AU mediator permanently based in Darfur is long overdue, they said.

International experts estimate that some 200,000 people have died and another 2.5 million been left homeless because of the conflict in Darfur. Khartoum says 10,000 have died.

Darfur's stalled peace talks were dealt another blow last month when the rebel Justice and Equality Movement attacked a suburb of Khartoum.

Eliasson and Salim said this week an international summit should be called to put pressure on the parties to come back to the negotiating table.

Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 02, 2008, 08:46:10 PM
the sudan government only wants a holocaust in dar fur...they must be stopped...momar quahdahfi could help...


Summit needed to jumpstart peace in Darfur - UN, AU
Wed 25 Jun 2008, 6:02 GMT
 
[-] Text

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Top U.N. and African Union envoys on Tuesday called for an international summit on the 5-year-old conflict in Darfur to pressure Sudan and rebel groups to end violence and restart stalled peace talks.

In a bleak report to the U.N. Security Council on the situation in Darfur, U.N. special envoy Jan Eliasson said there was "reason to seriously question whether the parties are ready to sit down at the negotiation table and make the compromises necessary for peace."

 Eliasson and his African Union counterpart Salim Ahmed Salim said international organizations, the 15 members of the Security Council and other U.N. member states should pressure the government and rebels to end hostilities and make peace.

They said that a "high-level international meeting" including Sudan, Security Council countries, other major powers and African states, as well as probably the rebels, might help force Khartoum and the rebels to make peace.

"As a new approach is required in dealing with this crisis, such a meeting will provide a unique opportunity for reflection, consideration and action," Salim told the council.

Eliasson said a summit would provide an opportunity for countries to use their influence and "bilateral leverage" to pressure Khartoum and the rebels to resume peace talks.

Human rights activists have called on China to use its substantial influence to push Khartoum to remove obstacles to the full deployment of a U.N.-AU peacekeeping force, known as UNAMID, in Darfur. So far only 9,000 of the planned 26,000 UNAMID troops and police are on the ground in western Sudan.

Salim made it clear that negotiations between Khartoum and the rebels had ground to a halt.

"The political process has reached an impasse," Salim said. "There is a need to rethink the strategy on the way forward."

In a new report on UNAMID, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said last month's attack by the rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) on Omdurman, a suburb of Khartoum, was "a stark reminder that peace in Darfur remains elusive."

"The JEM attack on Omdurman and the continued fighting between rebel groups and the government and its allied forces indicate that the parties are not ready for serious talks," Ban said in his report to the Security Council.

Since the attack, the government has been reluctant to talk to JEM, which Khartoum says is backed by Chad.

ESCALATING VIOLENCE

International experts estimate that some 200,000 people have died and another 2.5 million been left homeless because of the conflict in Darfur. Khartoum says 10,000 have died.

Eliasson and Salim both listed several things that must happen if there was to be peace in Darfur. First of all, the 2005 peace deal between northern and southern Sudan that ended two decades of civil war must be fully implemented so that the Sudanese government could show it is a trustworthy partner.

Secondly, Chad and Sudan needed to normalize relations and put an end to the escalating violence, they said. Both Chad and Sudan accuse each other of supporting rebel groups that oppose the other's government.

Finally, peace talks must resume and UNAMID must be fully deployed. Western countries have blamed Khartoum for the slow deployment, accusing it of handpicking nationalities and blocking non-African contingents.

But U.N. officials complain that troop-contributing countries have failed to provide essential hardware, such as helicopters, which UNAMID need to travel across Darfur, a region roughly the size of France.

Salim warned the council that even if all 26,000 UNAMID troops were deployed in Darfur, they would not bring calm to western Sudan if the government and rebels did not want peace.

Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 16, 2008, 08:18:02 PM
indigos sign on...us going there aye think...get ready...or are we there already.


Bashir charged with Darfur genocide
By Barney Jopson in Khartoum and Megan Murphy in London

Published: July 15 2008 03:00 | Last updated: July 15 2008 03:00

Omar al-Bashir, the Sudan-ese president, has been formally charged with genocide in Darfur by the prosecutor of the Inter-national Criminal Court, a move that threatens to cause further instability in Sudan and puts the ICC's credibility on the line.

Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the ICC's chief prosecutor, said he could no longer "stay silent" over the campaign of murder, rape and displacement being carried out in Sudan's Darfur region, where about 300,000 people have been killed and 2.5m forced from their homes since 2003, according to United Nations estimates.

A total of 10 charges have been filed against the president: three counts of genocide, five of crimes against humanity and two of -murder.

The indictment, which was widely trailed, was met with anger and indignation by the Khartoum government, which has not recognised the court and has -characterised the charges as evidence of a western conspiracy to remove Mr Bashir from power.

The move has split opinion among politicians and diplomats outside the country: some applaud the ICC's pursuit of justice at the highest level but others fear it could kill off any chance of ending the Darfur conflict by negotiation with the government.

Darfur, in the west of Sudan, has been racked by violence since rebels seeking a greater share of power and wealth launched an insurgency five years ago. It triggered aerial bombardment and attacks by Arab militia groups sponsored by the government.

Mr Moreno-Ocampo said Mr Bashir had masterminded and implemented a plan to destroy three Darfur tribes seen to be challenging the province's marginalisation. "His motives were largely political. His alibi was a 'counterinsurgency'. His intent was genocide,"

he said in a statement. He asked ICC judges to issue an arrest warrant for Mr Bashir and their ruling is expected in one to three months.

Ali al-Sadiq, a Sudanese foreign ministry spokesman, said: "The ICC indictment of the president has completely disregarded the efforts undertaken by the government, the regional powers and the international community [on Darfur]."

Some Darfur experts say the indictments risk creating a siege mentality within the Khartoum regime that prevents any form of productive engagement aimed at bringing peace to Darfur.

The African Union said: "The AU's position is that nothing should be done that might jeopardise the peace processes in Sudan."

But Sudan activists say resorting to the ICC was a necessary step, since the efforts of the inter-national community - encompassing sanctions, peace processes and a joint UN-AU peacekeeping force - have yielded few positive results.

Staff at the UN, which the Sudanese regime views as the ICC's master, had feared the indictments would trigger reprisals. But those fears receded on Monday as a government spokesman said the UN and its peacekeepers would not be expelled and Khartoum would actively seek to protect them.

The streets of the capital remained calm before and after the announcement of the indictment, but one student leader said a large demonstration was being planned for today.

The US is the only country to have said the conflict in Darfur amounts to genocide. Mr Moreno-Ocampo's indictment is likely to put the US on the spot because it has refused to become a member of the ICC over concern that its own citizens might be charged.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 16, 2008, 08:19:04 PM
U.S. President George W. Bush said Wednesday he is disappointed that Russia and China vetoed a U.N. arms embargo against Zimbabwe.

The United States strongly supported the U.N. Security Council resolution to sanction Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe following his re-election last month after his opponent exited the race amid fears for his life.

"We deeply care about the plight of the citizens of Zimbabwe. And we hope there's a peaceful resolution soon," Bush said after meeting with Burkinabe President Blaise Compaore. "I made my position abundantly clear that, one, we are disappointed with the veto of the U.N. Security Council resolution."

Bush called Compaore "a constructive force for peace and stability."

Compaore said he and Bush also talked about the need for a political solution to the crisis in Darfur, which he said is "weighing very heavily in all Africa."

Burkina Faso has qualified for a five-year, $480-million grant from the U.S. Millennium Challenge Corp. to help farmers by investing in irrigation, expanding access to land titles and credit, among other things.

(Source: UPI )
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 16, 2008, 08:51:10 PM
read "global rift"

we have been distracted by merchants selling doves in god's house...jesus kicked over their chairs in anger...they are ignorant to those who dig mass graves like saddam hussein and his sons did to the kurdish and shiites...like hitler did to the gypsys and the jewish people and...like al bashir has done to the furs...and there are some people who choose to sell doves...

...some of us have been kicking over their chairs...and their numbers are dwindling...how many of them protest the removal of saddam hussein now?  without a body count those who sell doves disappear...have you noticed that they do not like to stand?  have you noticed that the war protesters are not on street corners anymore?  have you noticed that the media dove sellers have lost business? lately?

...when mass graves are dug...those who dig them must go...
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 22, 2008, 09:13:11 PM
Beshir to tour Darfur under war crimes cloud
2 hours ago

KHARTOUM (AFP) — Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir, facing a possible international arrest warrant for allegedly masterminding genocide in Darfur, is to make a rare visit to the war-torn region on Wednesday.

The two-day trip will take the head of state, a bevy of officials and a plane load of journalists, to the three state capitals in the vast arid region, El Fasher in the north, Nyala in the south and El Geneina in the west.

At each stop he is scheduled to address popular ceremonies organised in his honour, as well as hold talks with state government officials, local leaders and political party representatives, the presidency announced.

Beshir heads first to El Fasher, the old capital of Darfur and headquarters for a poorly manned and equipped UN-led peacekeeping mission.

He then proceeds to Nyala, where he will inaugurate development projects and visit a water station, before flying on to El Geneina, not far from the Chadian border, on Thursday and returning to Khartoum.

International Criminal Court prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo accuses Beshir of instructing his forces to annihilate three non-Arab groups in Darfur, masterminding murder, torture, pillaging and using rape to commit genocide.

Members of those groups, the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa, some of whom belong to Beshir's National Congress Party in the complex overlapping nature of the Darfur conflict, are also expected to greet the president.

State media quoted Beshir as reiterating to Arab lawyers on Monday that Sudan rejected any outside interference, "blackmail and pressure" and vowed again never to surrender any citizen to the international community.

The United Nations says that up to 300,000 people have died and more than 2.2 million have fled their homes since the conflict erupted in February 2003. Sudan says 10,000 have been killed.

The war began when African ethnic minority rebels took up arms against the Arab-dominated Khartoum regime and state-backed Arab militias, fighting for resources and power in one of the most remote and deprived places on earth.

Presidency officials refused to comment on the purpose or the timing of Wednesday's visit, but analysts predicted the move was part of Sudan's intense diplomatic offensive to stave off potential ICC charges.

"I think the purpose of the visit is to show that the people of Darfur do not agree with the ICC," said Adil el-Baz, editor in chief of the independent Al-Ahdath newspaper.

"It makes him look politically very good if the people of Darfur welcome him and observers see thousands of people rushing to welcome him. This will give him a new image in the international community," he told AFP.

The government is in full control of the three main towns of Darfur, which are heavily protected from the open desert and scrub where the conflict pitting the army and state-backed militias against ethnic rebels has been conducted.

Beshir's regime is focused on trying to persuade the UN Security Council to freeze possible legal proceedings should ICC judges actually issue an arrest warrant, on the grounds that it could jeopardise peace prospects.

The African Union, supported by the Arab League, on Monday urged the UN Security Council to stall possible legal action against Beshir.

The Council can pass a resolution to defer for a period of 12 months, renewable, any investigation or prosecution by the ICC with a majority of nine votes, including the concurring votes of all five permanent members.

Of those five, China and Russia are concerned about the ICC move. The United States does not recognise the ICC but has said genocide is taking place in Darfur.

France, where Sudanese Foreign Minister Deng Alor has been holding talks, and Britain have signed up to the ICC.

Of the 10 rotating members, Sudan hopes to bank on the support of at least Burkina Faso, Libya, South Africa and Indonesia.

The remaining members are EU countries Belgium and Italy; Croatia, Costa Rica, Panama and Vietnam.

Beshir last visited Darfur in 2007 in a bid to demonstrate commitment to developing the region.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 22, 2008, 09:14:34 PM
Halima Bashir tells Mark Tran about her traumatic experiences in Darfur Halima Bashir, a young Sudanese woman who has been a victim of and witness to numerous barbaric acts in Darfur, has spoken out against the government in Khartoum with a hard-hitting account of the tragedy.

A member of the Zaghawa tribe, Bashir puts a human face on a situation where the number of casualties is so large as to be incomprehensible. The conflict between the Arab-dominated government in Khartoum and black Africans in Darfur, in western Sudan, has left about 300,000 dead and created as many as 2.5 million refugees, according to the UN.

Bashir, 29, said Tears of the Desert, written with the journalist Damien Lewis, who won an award for his reporting from Darfur last year, was her chance to speak out about the atrocities perpetrated by the Sudanese government against black Africans in Darfur.

"My story is not the only one," she said in London, where she lives with her husband and young son after a long battle to win asylum. "There are hundreds of thousands of other stories more painful than mine. With this book it is as if I'm telling this story for Darfuri women. I will keep on talking – it is the only thing I can give my people."

In Bashir, the victims of what the international criminal court has described as a policy of genocide by Sudan's leaders have found a soft-spoken but iron-willed representative.

Bashir arrived for our interview at a hotel in central London with her round, youthful face uncovered. But she was firm about not revealing her face to the world, particularly to the Sudanese authorities. While she remains safe in Britain, she fears for the safety of her mother, sister and two brothers, who joined the rebels in Darfur.

She still does not know what happened to her family after they fled their village when government troops and the notorious Janjaweed militia attacked. The men of the village stood and fought to buy time for the women and children to flee to the forest. Her father died in the attack. Bashir does not want the Khartoum government to use the knowledge of what she looks like to track down her family – if they are still alive.

Because of fears for her family, Bashir talked to us with her face covered by headgear, hastily purchased around the corner from John Lewis. Only her eyes were visible during the interview.

Tears of the Desert is not just an account of the atrocities committed by the government-backed Janjaweed – or devils on horseback – against black Africans. The first half of the book describes a happy childhood in a close-knit Darfur village, although it does not gloss over Bashir's hideous circumcision at the age of eight.

For the most part, however, growing up was a happy time for Bashir. Family scenes that feature her much-loved grandmother and her best friend, Kadiga, are vividly brought to life. Like little girls anywhere, Bashir played with dolls, although these were rag dolls made from old clothes stuffed with straw.

Her father had big plans for Bashir and she was the first girl from her village to go away to school. Eventually she became a doctor, but she ran into trouble with the authorities for telling a reporter that the government should help all Darfuri people regardless of their tribe.

As punishment she was transferred to Mazkhabad, a village in the remote north of Darfur, and put in charge of a clinic. This is where she saw and experienced at first hand the atrocities of the Darfur conflict. Not even in her darkest nightmare had she imagined she would witness such horror, she wrote, as she treated girls as young as eight who had been repeatedly raped.

Bashir had to care for more than 40 girls who were sexually assaulted at their school while government soldiers cordoned off the premises. Parents were kept standing outside the school as their daughters' screaming pierced the air.

A rape victim who was a teacher told Bashir: "They were shouting and screaming at us. You know what they were saying? 'We have come here to kill you! To finish you all! You are black slaves! You are worse than dogs. The worst was that they were laughing and yelping with joy as they did those terrible things."

The Janjaweed eventually came for Bashir herself. Three men in khaki uniforms took her from the clinic to a military camp, where she was beaten and repeatedly raped. The ordeal went on into a second day with Bashir retreating in her head "to a faraway place where my God had taken me, a place where they couldn't reach me".

One of her captors told her: "We're going to let you live because we know you'd prefer to die. Isn't that clever of us? Aren't we clever, doctor? We may not have your education, but we're damn smart, wouldn't you agree?"

Hard as it was for her to go over such painful memories, Bashir said the process of writing her memoir help her come to terms with her terrible ordeal. More importantly, she wanted to tell the whole world about what was going on, especially the atrocities committed against young girls.

"These men were not normal," she said. "No normal people would do such a thing to children. I wanted to tell the whole world what was happening."

She could only explain the actions of the aggressors as an extremely virulent form of racism.

"It is because of the colour of our skin, it is because we are black," she said. "Even at school they give us nicknames and make jokes about us. It is something that has gone on a long time."

Bashir cited her experience at medical school where she had a reputation as a swot. The corpses students worked on were exclusively black. One of her friends said: "Arabs do not give a damn about us when we're alive, and even less when we're dead".

Some foreign policy commentators have criticised the international criminal court's decision to charge Omar al-Bashir, the Sudanese president, with genocide and crimes against humanity. They say it will make a peace deal between the Sudanese government and the rebels harder to achieve and warn it could jeopardise the already troubled deployment of a joint UN-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur.

Bashir, however, has no reservations about the court's decision. She told an audience at the Royal Festival Hall: "I can't explain how happy I am for the ICC case," she said. "It is now more than five years this has been going on and very little has been done. It's as if we've been talking to deaf people. For me this is a step for justice."

· Tears of the Desert, by Halima Bashir, written with Damien Lewis, is published by Hodder & Stoughton.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 23, 2008, 09:47:05 PM
Genocide's legacy in Bosnia, Darfur
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Jul 23, 2008 04:30 AM
Comments on this story  (2)
Strutting the Balkan stage at the height of his notoriety, Radovan Karadzic's foppish head of hair made him an instantly recognizable poster boy for accused war criminals. Defiant and unrepentant in his day, he is utterly unrecognizable today: bearded, gaunt and greying – a shadow of his former self as the wartime Bosnian Serb president.

A decade after he went on the run, Karadzic's genocidal legacy has caught up with him, but the charge sheet remains unchanged. Accused of masterminding the deaths of as many as 8,000 Muslims in Bosnia's 1992-95 war, he had slipped in and out of Belgrade all this time – unhindered, but not undetected.

What changed, apart from his appearance, was the political landscape. Now, with time running out on the mandate of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and with Serbia looking for a new beginning in Europe, there was a confluence of motive and timing.

After all, there had been previous sightings of Karadzic, just not the political will to seize him. A former psychiatrist, Karadzic never hunkered down in a spider hole like Saddam Hussein; he practised medicine in the open. Undoubtedly, elements of the security services had protected Karadzic and his co-accused, former military commander Ratko Mladic, whom police now say they are closing in on.

Much credit for the new approach goes to Serbian President Boris Tadic, who narrowly fended off a nationalist resurgence in recent elections and has rallied his fledgling coalition government behind a vision of engagement with Europe. He recognizes that part of the price for membership in the European Union remains a full accounting for Serbian wartime atrocities in Europe's worst massacre since World War II. By war's end, some 250,000 people were dead and 1.8 million displaced.

UN judges and prosecutors in The Hague will move briskly once Karadzic is extradited, keen to avoid the mistakes they made with another accused war criminal, former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic, who turned his four-year trial into a soapbox and died before the court could render a verdict.

Karadzic's capture sends a timely signal to human rights abusers that the world will not forget, despite the passage of time. Just last week, the International Criminal Court filed genocide charges against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. He was accused of masterminding the systematic murder, rape and ethnic cleansing of the people of Darfur, where 300,000 people have died and 2.5 million are displaced.

Like Karadzic at the height of his power, al-Bashir has brushed aside the charges. The victims of human rights abuses, whether in Bosnia or Darfur, need to know there will be justice; so, too, do the perpetrators.



 
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Sitting Leaders Cannot Be Immune
I think the cases of Karadzic and Milosevic reinforce the effectiveness of charging war criminals, even if they are still government leaders. Justice may not be immediate, but the message is clear. In the case of Sudan, there is still a great deal of controversy over the decision to seek an arrest warrant for the Sudanese President. Even if it is not affected immediately, however, the possibility of an arrest warrant makes it more likely that President Bashir will eventually have to answer for his actions. He is on the very end of the chain of command and therefore at least partly responsible for the deaths of 300,000 people and the displacement of millions. Justice may not be the first priority at the moment for the people in Darfur, but it is reassuring to know that this man will not be able to live out his days in comfort.

Posted by itemple at 3:36 PM Wednesday, July 23 2008

 
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 26, 2008, 06:39:17 PM
The case for international justice as seen from Darfur
As told to Susan Elderkin

Published: July 26 2008 02:00 | Last updated: July 26 2008 02:00

Ahmed – not his real name – is a Sudanese interpreter for the International Criminal Court, working on its investigation into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

I’m pleased they’ve issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s president, Omar al-Bashir. I’ve been to refugee camps in Chad three times as an interpreter for the ICC. I know exactly what evidence they’ve got, and it’s strong. But it’ll take time. For now it’s just talking.

My first trip to Chad was in 2006. It was the first time I’d been back to Africa since I fled to the UK as an asylum-seeker in 2001. I had been tortured, and members of my family were killed. Stepping off the plane in Enjamina, I had mixed emotions. I had never been to Chad before, but it looks pretty much like Darfur – flat and dry. It smelt of my childhood – dry grass, the smoke from cooking fires. And the people look the same – the men in long white djallabas, the women dressed in reds and oranges and yellows.

I’m from Darfur in western Sudan. The ICC needed people who speak the local languages in Darfur – Zagawa, Fur and Massaliet. I was travelling with a group of investigators – six or seven of them. They were from all over: Australia, Canada, France, Nigeria, Uganda. We never discussed the political situation, or what had happened to me. We had to remain strictly neutral. We talked about football.

We would set up a table and chairs in a temporary building in the refugee camps, or under a tree in the shade. Then we’d collect personal testimonies. We’d work from 11am until 4pm, the hot part of the day. Some of the investigators suffered in the heat, but I didn’t. Some had stomach trouble and had to be flown home. People were telling us things – many bad things. Villages being burnt, people being burned alive, buried alive, women and girls raped in front of their fathers. People being shot.

I could imagine it all because I had seen these things myself. Having to repeat everything I heard, word for word, was almost like experiencing it again. It was very hard. As an interpreter you can’t allow yourself to get emotional. Sometimes I had to ask for a break.

One day, one of the men from my father’s village came. I couldn’t believe how changed he was. The last time I saw him he was strong, upbeat. Now he was thin, grey, quiet; suffering on his face.

He didn’t know who I was. I said: “What happened to you that you can’t even remember my father?” When he remembered, he wept. “Life,” he said. “Life did this to me.”

The second time I was there, I found my mother in one of the camps. I hadn’t even known that she was alive. I gave her money and arranged for her to go back home. Now I speak to her every week on the phone.

Being an asylum-seeker in England was tough – the poverty, the isolation, the constant fear of being sent home. It taught me how to keep strong, not to let my anger come out. If I hadn’t been through this, I wouldn’t have been able to cope in Chad.

If the perpetrators are not brought to justice, it will be a complete failure on the part of the international community. Because so many crimes were committed, and the international community already failed once to protect innocent people.

The ICC gives hope to my people back home.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 29, 2008, 07:48:21 PM
8 Darfur rebels sentenced to death by Sudan court
By SARAH EL DEEB – 5 hours ago

KHARTOUM, Sudan (AP) — Eight Darfur rebels were found guilty and sentenced to death Tuesday for their roles in a bold assault on government soldiers near the Sudanese capital that killed more than 200 people, including dozens of civilians.

Another defendant was acquitted and a 10th was referred to a juvenile court because he was under age, said al-Dukhri Ali Morkaz, the head of the rebels' defense team. Morkaz said he would appeal the guilty verdicts handed down by a specially convened terrorism court in Khartoum.

Hundreds of fighters from the Justice and Equality Movement, which has emerged as one of the most powerful Darfur rebel groups, staged the attack on Khartoum's twin city, Omdurman, on May 10.

The rebels were repelled, but Sudanese were shocked by the assault, which happened hundreds of miles from rebel bases in the west. The raid was the closest that Darfur's rebels have gotten to the seat of the government.

Sudan's defense minister said after the attack that 93 soldiers and 13 policemen died in the fighting along with 30 civilians. The bodies of at least 90 rebel also were found.

The verdicts Tuesday were the first since around 40 people went on trial in June on charges of waging war against the state, inciting hatred, possessing guns and belonging to an outlawed group. They are also accused of using official military uniforms and terrorizing civilians, Morkaz said.

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has pardoned about 90 juveniles arrested after the attack. They are due to be released within two weeks. It is not clear how many more remain in detention.

JEM spokesman Ahmed Hussain denied the children were enrolled as fighters in the rebel group, and he described the four specially convened terrorism courts conducting the trials as unconstitutional.

The verdicts came two weeks after al-Bashir was charged by an international prosecutor with genocide and war crimes for his alleged role in the Darfur crisis.

Thirty other suspects in the May attack, including a senior JEM member, remain on trial. When the proceedings began in June, defense lawyers walked out, saying they were denied access to their defendants. The court then assigned a legal defense team.

JEM has emerged as the most effective rebel group in Darfur, where ethnic Africans took up arms against the Arab-dominated government in 2003 to fight discrimination.

Al-Bashir's government is accused of launching a punishing response and unleashing militia fighters who have carried out atrocities.

The United Nations estimates up to 300,000 people have died from the war and more than 2.7 million have been displaced. A U.N. peacekeeping force is trying to deploy in Darfur, but it has only about 9,500 soldiers and has been unable to improve the situation.

JEM said in a May statement said the attack on Omdurman was meant to draw attention to the bloody stalemate and encourage negotiations to resolve the crisis.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on July 30, 2008, 09:37:10 AM
Court Accuses Al-Bashir of Darfur War Crimes
  THE prosecutor of the n e w l y - e s t a b l i s h e d International Criminal Court (ICC) today accused Sudanese President Omar al- Bashir of genocide and war crimes arising out of the war in Darfur.

In a case which puts into sharp focus the sometimes competing demands of international humanitarian law and the political compromises into which states enter to secure peace, the ICC's prosecutor, Luis Moreno- Ocampo. presented evidence to the court at its seat in The Hague. An ICC press release said Moreno-Ocampo had decided after a three-year investigation that "there are reasonable grounds to believe that... [al-Bashir] bears criminal responsibility in relation to 10 counts of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes."

He charged that al-Bashir "masterminded and implemented a plan to destroy in substantial part the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa groups, on account of their ethnicity." When the groups, which were resisting the marginalization of Darfur, rebelled and the government failed to defeat them, the Sudanese president "went after the people."

The ICC quoted Moreno- Ocampo as saying of al- Bashir: "His motives were largely political. His alibi was a 'counterinsurgency.' His intent was genocide." The prosecution said the Sudanese armed forces and the Janjaweed militia were acting on al-Bashir's orders in their five-year-long campaign of attacking and destroying villages. Moreno-Ocampo added: "By preventing the truth about the crimes from being revealed; concealing his crimes under the guise of a 'counterinsurgency strategy', or 'inter tribal clashes', or the 'actions of lawless autonomous militia', al- Bashir made possible the commission of further crimes. He promoted and provided impunity to his subordinates in order to secure their willingness to commit genocide." The prosecutor has asked a pre-trial chamber of the ICC to issue an arrest warrant for al-Bashir.
 


http://www.africanecho.co.uk/africanechonews8_july29.shtml
 
 
 
 
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Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 02, 2008, 09:22:56 PM
02/08/2008 14:57 ENTEBBE, Uganda, Aug 2 (AFP)
Ugandan president says AU should probe Beshir over Darfur
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni on Saturday argued that the African Union (AU) should carry out its own probe into war crimes allegations against Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir.

"The correct position of the AU should be to investigate ourselves. We don't condemn the indictments but the AU should conduct investigations itself so that we decide on our own," Museveni told reporters in Entebbe.

"You may get people misbehaving. Is it Beshir who ordered them to do so?" Museveni asked, replying to a journalist's question.

"Suppose he made those mistakes," he added, warning against "ignoring the rights of the victims, the ones who have suffered."

International Criminal Court prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo last month requested an arrest warrant be issued against Beshir over charges of war crimes in Sudan's war-torn western region of Darfur.

If accepted by the judges, the request would result in the first ever arrest warrant issued by the world tribunal against a sitting head of state.

The move drew an uneasy reaction from the African Union, which urged ICC judges to give Beshir more time and warned against the risks of further chaos in the conflict-ridden country.

Museveni added he believed that Sudan had also "committed war crimes by supporting the Lord's Resistance Army", the Ugandan rebel group Museveni's regime has been battling for two decades.

"The Lord's Resistance Army -- led by Joseph Kony, using bases in Sudan and with the backing of Khartoum government -- has caused untold suffering to millions of people in northern Uganda," he said.

LRA leader Kony and four of his top commanders were slapped with ICC arrest warrants in 2005 for raping and mutilating civilians, enlisting child soldiers and massacring thousands.

Museveni took power through a military coup in 1986, three years before Beshir seized power in Khartoum.



Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 05, 2008, 08:36:32 PM
August 5th, 2008
Turn of the screwdriver - genocide, justice or peace for Darfur?
Post a comment (1)Posted by: Louis Charbonneau
Tags: Global News, Bashir, Darfur, genocide, ICC, international criminal court, Sudan, The Hague, U.N., United Nations Security Council, war crimes


Sudan’s ambassador to the United Nations Abdalmahmoud Abdalhaleem says Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Court, is “a screwdriver in the workshop of double standards” for seeking to prosecute the president of Sudan, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, for genocide in Darfur.  He rejects the term genocide and says the prosecutor is unfairly picking on Africa’s largest country and ignoring war crimes elsewhere.

Moreno-Ocampo accuses Bashir of launching a genocide campaign in 2003 that was intended to wipe out three ethnic groups in Darfur, a desolate and remote region of western Sudan where oil was discovered in 2005. He says the Sudanese leader used mass murder, rape, deportation and “slow death” by starvation and disease to kill tens of thousands in Darfur.  Moreno-Ocampo wants the ICC judges to issue an international arrest warrant for Bashir.

Khartoum rejects the charges and says it will never hand over any of its citizens to The Hague, where the ICC is based. Like the United States, Russia and China, Sudan is not a party to the ICC, though the Security Council referred the issue of Darfur to the court in 2005.

Abdalhaleem says that if the judges decide to indict Bashir it will ignite a “curtain of fire” that will engulf all of Sudan and the region. He has yet to provide details, but U.N. peacekeeping officials say they are worried.

China, Russia, South Africa and others fear an indictment of Bashir would shatter the fragile peace process in Darfur and have vowed to push the Security Council to freeze the ICC investigation of Bashir. The United States, Britain, France and other Western powers say they do not want to tamper with the independence of the ICC and oppose intervening.

The African Union, the Arab League and non-aligned nations have also urged the council to suspend any ICC indictment of Bashir. Russia’s U.N. envoy Vitaly Churkin has said that the countries calling for a suspension comprise roughly two-thirds of the earth’s population.

Those arguing for a suspension say the top priority should be the full deployment of all 26,000 U.N.-African Union peacekeepers (only 9,500 are there now) and a swift end to the 5-year-old conflict in Darfur, in which international experts believe at least 200,000 have died, with another 2.5 million left hungry and homeless.

Richard Dicker, an international justice expert at the New York-based Human Rights Watch, says the opposite is true — nothing could be better for peace in Darfur than to indict, arrest and try the man believed to be responsible for orchestrating the genocide.

What do you think?  Is the West guilty of applying double standards for justice in the developing world?  Do you fear a “curtain of fire” in Africa if Bashir is indicted? Should the world push for peace in Darfur now and worry about indictments later?  Or should justice come first for the victims of war crimes in Darfur, whatever the cost?
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 14, 2008, 10:56:52 PM
News Africa 


http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2008/08/200881455935233605.html
 
Sudan army in 'Darfur operation' 
 
 
The UN says fighting has displaced up to two million people since 2003 [File: EPA]
 
The Sudanese army has begun a massive operation to destroy rebel bases in northern Darfur, according to two factions based in the area.

The army is said to have launched the offensive in the town of Wadi Atron, near the Sudanese-Libyan border, on Tuesday and took control of areas which had for years been under the control of rebels who want more autonomy for the region.

Al-Sayyid Sherif, of the Sudan Liberation Army (Unity) faction, said: "They attacked our areas in Wadi Atron with a massive force.

"We consider this a new declaration of war."

SLA (Unity) is one of the largest Darfur rebel groups and was one of the few factions to say they were ready to go to peace talks.

A Sudanese army spokesman declined to immediately comment, but one army source confirmed there were operations under way.

Suleiman Marajan, a commander from the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) faction, said: "They came with more than 200 vehicles and killed seven people."

The SLA was founded and is currently led by Abdel Wahed Mohamed al-Nur.

The oil factor

Marajan also said that the government had moved in Chinese workers who were looking for oil in the remote area.

The Dow Jones newswire news agency reported last month that state-owned Chinese oil service companies were in talks to help Sudan exploit crude reserves in North Darfur where security would be provided by the Sudanese army.
   
North Darfur is part of the so-called Block12A, a site where oil is said to have been found, and is operated by Sudan's state-owned Sudapet, Ansan, an independent firm, and Saudi Arabia's Al-Qahtani group,  the article said.
   
The Sudanese oil ministry would not immediately confirm whether any exploration has begun in Block 12A.

Chinese companies dominate Sudan's budding oil sector which produces more than 500,000 barrels per day of crude.

Ocampo 'evidence'

In a related development, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, told Al Jazeera that the ICC maintains its right to investigate human-rights violations in Darfur despite Sudan not recognising the ICC's jurisdiction.

He said that he had clear evidence of abuses committed in Darfur, including certificates for more than a hundred people, and a clear map of villages and regions that were exposed to attacks.

Ocampo described the violations that took place in Darfur as a "scandal".

According to the UN, up to 300,000 people have died  and more than 2.2 million have fled their homes since the conflict erupted in February 2003.

Sudan says 10,000 people have been killed.

The war began when African ethnic minority rebels took up arms against the Arab-led Khartoum government and state-backed Arab militias.
 
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 14, 2008, 10:57:56 PM
Bush Urges China to Use Clout With Sudan on Darfur
By VOA News
11 August 2008
 


 
President George W. Bush
 
U.S. President George Bush says he has discussed the situation in Sudan's troubled Darfur region with Chinese President Hu Jintao.

Mr. Bush said in a television interview Monday, with NBC at the Olympics in Beijing that he urged the Chinese president to take advantage of his relationship with the Sudanese president to help solve the humanitarian crisis in Darfur.

The U.S. president also said he delivered activist Joey Cheek's "Sudanese message" to Chinese officials.

Last week, China revoked the visa of U.S. Olympic speed-skating gold medalist Cheek. He is a co-founder of the activist group Team Darfur, which seeks to raise awareness of the violence in Darfur.

China's support for Sudan has been the source of worldwide criticism ahead of the Olympics.

China is a major investor in Sudan's oil industry and one of its biggest arms suppliers. Chinese officials say weapons sold to Sudan are not to be used in the Darfur conflict.

International experts say more than 200,000 people in Darfur have died and some 2.5 million have been displaced from their homes since local rebel groups rose up against the Sudanese government in 2003.

Sudan says Western governments and the media have exaggerated the scale of the conflict.

 

Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 16, 2008, 09:32:57 AM
Rebels accuse Sudanese army of new Darfur attacks
Sat 16 Aug 2008, 9:52 GMT
 
[-] Text
By Opheera McDoom

KHARTOUM (Reuters) - Darfur rebels accused Sudan's government of more attacks on Saturday, saying Khartoum was not serious about peace and was pursuing a military solution to the conflict.

Sudan's army denied the allegation and said its troops had fought off an ambush in an isolated incident.

 The joint U.N.-African Union peacekeeping mission in the remote region said it was checking the reports.

"The government army and militia attacked us yesterday in Abu Hamra and Kofod east of Kutum in North Darfur," Nimr Mohamed, spokesman for the Sudan Liberation Army under Abdel Wahed Mohamed el-Nur, told Reuters from Darfur.

"The National Congress Party talks peace but in reality on the ground they are pursuing a military solution," he said on Saturday. He added that rebel and army forces were still in the area and he expected further clashes.

Two rebels were killed and many civilians were killed or wounded in the crossfire, he said.

A Sudanese army spokesman denied attacking, saying troops were accompanying a convoy of local officials when they were attacked by bandits on camels whom they fought off without any losses.

"These areas don't even belong to SLA Abdel Wahed," the spokesman said.

Since the International Criminal Court announced steps last month to indict President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for genocide and war crimes, he paid a defiant visit to Darfur calling for all rebel groups to attend peace talks.

The only faction that signed a largely unimplemented 2006 peace deal with Khartoum also accused the army of attacking its areas on Thursday.

"The government attacked us in Dorma, North Darfur...killing five of our troops," said Mohamed Drbeen, military spokesman for the SLA faction led by presidential adviser Minni Arcua Minnawi.

The army said it had no information on these clashes.

Rebels say this is part of a wider campaign by Khartoum before new peace efforts under new joint U.N.-African Union mediator Djibril Bassole.

This week, a massive army force seized control of rebel areas in the remote north of Darfur.

Before previous peace talks, government and rebel forces have launched attacks to control as much land as possible.

International experts estimate about 200,000 people have been killed and 2.5 million driven from their homes since mostly non-Arab rebels took up arms in early 2003, accusing the central government of neglect.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 18, 2008, 10:44:11 PM



Bashir's accusation has forced Sudan to be responsive
By Hussein Solomon
Commentary by
Tuesday, August 19, 2008

 

In July 2008, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir became the first sitting head of state to be accused by the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. According to the charge sheet, Bashir "masterminded and implemented a plan to destroy in substantial part the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa groups" in Sudan's Darfur region. (It should also be noted that arrest warrants have already been issued by the ICC against Sudanese officials Ahmad Harun and Ali Kushayb for their involvement in the ongoing carnage in Darfur. Khartoum has refused to hand anyone over.) In this campaign of ethnic persecution, which began in February 2003, 300,000 lives have been lost and 2.2 million people have been displaced.

Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the chief prosecutor of the ICC, laid out in stark detail the brutality of the war currently being waged in Darfur: "The most efficient method to commit genocide today in front of our eyes is gang rapes, rapes against girls and rapes against 70-year old women. Babies born as a result have been called Janjaweed babies and this has led to an explosion of infanticide. Bashir is executing this genocide without gas chambers, without bullets and without machetes. The desert will do it for them ... hunger is the weapon of this genocide as well as rape."

The mixed international reaction to these charges was predictable but still disappointing. Both the African Union and China made clear that they wanted the charges against the Sudanese president dropped, arguing that they would undermine any prospects for sustainable peace in the Sudan. Such arguments are fallacious in the extreme since, for some years, it has been increasingly evident that there is no peace to keep in Darfur; while the Sudanese government has also undermined the provisions of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, thus risking war between the north and the south, as we have recently witnessed in the oil-rich town of Abyei. The position of the AU is wholeheartedly supported by Khartoum, which has been stressing flawed notions of "African solutions for African problems" despite knowing full well that the AU has neither the capacity nor the political will to deal with the likes of Bashir or Robert Mugabe. Moreover, the more than 4 million Congolese who have perished in the conflict in that blighted country eloquently reflect the AU's record in conflict resolution.

As for Beijing's complicity in shielding Sudan's president from international justice, the significant trade relationship between Sudan and China hardly needs to be pointed out. Sudan is one of China's main exporters of oil. China, meanwhile, is a major arms supplier to Sudan.

The European Union, together with various international non-governmental organizations, has been generally supportive of the ICC and the charges against Bashir. British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner have made it clear that Sudan should comply with the decisions of the ICC. Meanwhile, both Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have been supportive of the ICC decision, believing that it is "an important step towards ensuring accountability for human rights violations in Sudan."
 

What has been disappointing in the pursuit of international justice is the reaction from the United Nations and the United States. The UN secretary general has distanced the UN from the ICC, noting that the court is not a part of the UN. As for the US, while it has agreed that war criminals should be exposed and brought to trial, it is hesitant to allow the ICC's jurisprudence to extend over any heads of state.

This is an unfortunate position. If the US wants to be taken seriously as a superpower intent on promoting human freedom and democracy, then this ambiguity has to end. A good place to start would be to be a part of the ICC. Historically, we have seen how the absence of the US from the League of Nations after World War I damned that organization to irrelevance. With the likes of Moscow and Beijing supporting Bashir, it is morally incumbent upon Washington to stand up for the morality and the ideals it so loudly proclaims.

The most interesting reaction, however, emanates from Khartoum itself. In the immediate aftermath of the charges being announced, Sudan reacted furiously, with a senior official threatening to turn Darfur into a graveyard. However, it is clear that Bashir has been rattled by the charges and has engaged in a multi-pronged offensive. The first front was a diplomatic offensive targeting Sudan's allies in the Arab League and the AU to help pressure the ICC not to go ahead with the charges, as well as seeking and getting the support it needed from Beijing. The second front of the offensive was to mend ties with Sudan's western neighbor Chad, after Khartoum accused Ndjamena of backing a rebel attack on its capital in May 2008.

The third front of the offensive was internal. During the course of July and August, the Sudanese president reached out to the political opposition in Khartoum, sought to foster closer ties with the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM) in the south, embarked on a tour of Darfur and promised various development projects to alleviate the lot of the people there. Thus, whatever the international reaction to the ICC charges is, they are already creating a more responsive posture on the part of Khartoum to its long-suffering people - something the US with its sanctions and the UN with its moral authority have thus far been unable to do.


Hussein Solomon lectures in the Department of Political Sciences at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, where he is also director of the Center for International Political Studies (CiPS). This commentary first appeared at bitterlemons-international.org, an online newsletter.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 21, 2008, 10:06:55 PM
Sudanese: 'What Arab-African rift?'
In Sudan's Arab north, Arabs marry, go to school, and work side by side with Africans from Darfur. The divide portrayed in the West means little to people here.
By Heba Aly | Contributor to The Christian Science Monitor
from the August 22, 2008 edition

 E-mail   Print   Letter to the Editor   Republish   del.icio.us   digg 

Dongola, Sudan - Ask Abbas Adam Ibrahim whether he is Arab or African, and he does not quite know how to respond. "Both," the Sudanese man says, after slight hesitation.

Mr. Adam comes from the Fur tribe, of Darfur – commonly understood to be an African tribe, under persecution by Sudan's Arab-dominated government.

Last month, the International Criminal Court's chief prosecutor indicted Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir for genocide and crimes against humanity in Darfur, saying "evidence shows that al-Bashir masterminded and implemented a plan to destroy in substantial part the Fur, Masalit, and Zaghawa groups, on account of their ethnicity."

But for Sudanese Arabs and Africans coexisting peacefully outside Darfur, these racial distinctions are not so clear.

Adam, for example, believes he has some Arab blood.

During the drought of the early 1980s, Adam left Darfur for the mostly-Arab north of Sudan, in search of work and a better life. He settled in Dongola, a city more than 300 miles north of the capital, Khartoum, and has lived among Arabs ever since. He even married one and now has four "mixed" children.

"We live here peacefully and there are no problems," he says. "We live as if we are natives here. We feel that this is our country and this is our town."

Around the corner, at a small Darfurian social club, the atmosphere is loud and buoyant. Young men gather around tables playing cards, slamming down dominoes excitedly, and watching television. They are mostly economic migrants who left Darfur years ago. Among them are members of various tribes that are killing each other back in Darfur and in neighboring Kordofan State.

"There is no such thing as Arab or African. We are all Sudanese," says Mohammed El-Cheikh an Arab from Western Kordofan. "Him over there," he says, pointing across the yard to a young man standing shyly in the corner, "that's my friend Abubakr. He's from the [African] Tama tribe.

"There are problems in Darfur, but they are not between people. They are related to the government and to politics."

In scores of markets, clubs, and homes in the Arab north, Arabs and Africans are working side by side, sending their children to the same schools and intermarrying. The Arab-African distinction that has played out so broadly in media coverage of Darfur means little to people here.

In fact, historians say the distinction has no factual basis. There is a long tradition of intermarrying between the Arab and African tribes that settled in what is now Sudan.

"No single tribe in Sudan can claim it is purely African or Arab," says history teacher and mayor of the greater Dongola locality Bushra Mohamed Saleh. "They are all mixed."

And while some tribes may be more Arab or more African, coexistence between them is nothing new. Even in Darfur, different tribal groups lived together for centuries. So-called Arab nomadic tribes and African farming communities shared the same land – the nomads using it for their cattle to graze; the farmers using it to grow their crops. Conflicts arose routinely but were solved through traditional leaders.

Things changed early this millennium when traditional leaders lost their control, guns became more commonplace, and a group of non-Arab Darfurians took up arms against the government, arguing that their region had been neglected.

In responding to this rebellion, the government made a "big, big, big mistake," says Gen. Hassan Hamadain, who governed West Darfur State during the late 1990s.

It called upon popular defense forces from local communities to combat the Darfur rebels. But those who responded were mostly Arabs, many of whom joined the now infamous janjaweed militia that is accused of razing hundreds of African villages, looting, raping, and killing along the way.

"The government made use of the conflict in Darfur in a kind of non-thoughtful way," says General Hamadain, who has since retired from politics, acknowledging that he and others failed in Darfur. "It was not sensitive to the tribal relationships, the tribal history of the area, and the resources."

And so what began as normal, cyclical conflicts between mostly Arab herders and non-Arab farmers grew to what has been termed the world's largest humanitarian disaster. The United Nations says some 300,000 have died and 2.5 million have been displaced.

Among the dead were members of Hassan Ali Ibrahim's village, which was completely destroyed by Arabs. But he says he can't hold them all responsible.

"The disputes between the Arabs and people in Darfur originate from different reasons – grazing, pastures, natural things. They are not rooted in race," said the community elder, sitting under a tree at the Islamic school he manages in Dongola, where both Arab and African children sit side by side. "The Arabs that are here have nothing to do with this."

Still, for some Darfurians, it is not so easy to forget. Daoud (not his real name) watched with his own eyes as members of his family were killed by Arab militias in West Darfur. After the first attack on his village, he found his father dead. He says he does not blame the Arabs – "Who supported them? Who gave them the guns? Wasn't it the government?" – but he still has difficulty getting too close.

"I can interact with Arabs at work or in general ways, but when it comes to close relationships, I feel there is a wall between us."

British analyst Jago Salmon says this social polarization – a result he blames partly on simplistic descriptions by Western Darfur advocates – has been an unfortunate consequence of the conflict, but was never its root.

"We were still looking for dichotomy of some kind, something that would explain what was going on easily and simply. We latched onto the Arab-African dichotomy, which did vast damage…. Then as the conflict developed, it became a reality on the ground. It became something by which people explained the conflict themselves."

But as the conflict continues in Darfur – 180,000 have fled their homes this year alone, according to the UN – Adam will wake up next to his Arab wife every morning, Ali will teach his Arab students, and plenty of other African Darfurians will keep living alongside Arabs, wishing the politics would cease and their tribes could go back to life as usual.

Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 26, 2008, 10:08:26 PM
August 26, 2008 - 9:08 PM    Peacekeepers slam Sudan for "excessive" Darfur raid
By Andrew Heavens

KHARTOUM (Reuters) - International peacekeepers criticised Sudan on Tuesday for using "excessive, disproportionate" force in a raid on a camp for displaced persons in Darfur that left more than 30 dead.

The unusually harsh statement from the joint U.N./African Union UNAMID peacekeepers accused Khartoum of breaking a Darfur peace agreement by using guns against displaced people armed mostly with "sticks, knives, and spears".

Armed Sudanese police and soldiers raided South Darfur's Kalma camp in the early hours of Monday morning, claiming they were searching for weapons and suspected rebels and bandits.

Sudan state media published a statement from South Darfur state's Security Committee saying armed camp residents had started the shooting, and that police had been forced to fire back. The statement insisted only five police and seven residents had been injured in the clashes.

But Darfur rebel leaders and Kalma residents told Reuters the Sudanese forces opened fire on people in the camp, then continued to build up their forces around the settlement on Tuesday.

Kalma, home to 90,000 people forced out of their homes by fighting in west Sudan's desert Darfur region since rebellion broke out more than five years ago, has long been a flashpoint.

Sudanese authorities have launched a number of failed attempts to seize arms from the camp in the past, claiming rebels and bandits use it as a base.

Camp residents and Darfur rebels have accused the government of trying to clear the camp to force residents to return to their homes under a government resettlement plan.

BURYING DEAD

UNAMID spokesman Noureddine Mezni, said peacekeepers had so far helped residents bury the bodies of 31 people who died in the raid, and another two who died in hospital afterwards.

The UNAMID statement said it "strongly condemns the excessive, disproportionate use of lethal force by the GoS (Government of Sudan) security forces against civilians, which violated their human rights and resulted in unacceptable casualties".

It said Sudanese forces claimed armed groups inside the camp had opened fire first, using camp residents as a "human shield", and acknowledged the authorities were right to be concerned about the presence of weapons in Kalma.

But the statement added the "lethal force" used in the arms raid was still "a clear violation of the Darfur Peace Agreement" - the faltering deal signed between Khartoum and one rebel faction in 2006.

UNAMID officers at the scene had received unconfirmed reports that at total of 64 people had been killed and 117 wounded in the clash.

Aid group Médecins Sans Frontières said it managed to evacuate 49 people suffering from gunshot wounds to hospital in nearby Nyala.

Ahmed Abdel Shafie, leader of a rebel Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)faction, said many other casualties were still in the camp.

He claimed government forces had blocked the road out of the camp. "There is no one going in or out. The situation is very bad with the rains, and food is running out. They are surrounding the camp."

Sudan's state SUNA news agency reported police "met with strong resistance from the instigated and mobilized displaced citizens who were incited to put barricades and to move in the streets."

The raid came at a highly sensitive time in Darfur after the International Criminal Court moved to indict President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for genocide in the remote western region.

Darfur rebels, who back the ICC move, have accused Khartoum of carrying out a string of attacks and bombings in the region in an attempt to gain territory before negotiations with the new joint U.N.-African Union mediator for Darfur Djibril Bassole.

International experts say 200,000 people have been killed and more than 2.5 million driven from their homes by the fighting in Darfur. Khartoum puts the death count at 10,000.

(Editing by Richard
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 27, 2008, 10:31:30 AM
O'Shea slams West's response to latest Darfur violence

Wednesday, 27 August 2008

 The head of the GOAL aid agency is again criticising the international community over its response to the latest reported atrocity against refugees in Darfur.


Up to 64 people were killed and scores more injured when Sudanese police and soldiers opened fire on the Kalma camp in western Darfur two days ago.

Many of the dead are reported to be women and children.

The Sudanese Government says its forces were responding to rebel gunfire from the camp, which houses around 80,000 people.

GOAL chief executive John O'Shea, who has been a strong critic of the West's approach to the Darfur crisis, says the international community needs to do more than simply express outrage.

http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/breaking-news/ireland/oshea-slams-wests-response-to-latest-darfur-violence-13954701.html
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on August 29, 2008, 06:50:42 AM
New UN-AU mediator for Darfur conflict assumes duty 
 
 
www.chinaview.cn  2008-08-29 15:22:42      Print
 
    NAIROBI, Aug. 29 (Xinhua) -- The newly appointed chief of the joint United Nations-African Union effort to bring peace to Darfur has assumed duties in the conflict-wracked Sudanese region.

    A statement from the UNAMID received here Friday said Djibril Yipene Bassole, the Joint Chief Mediator for Darfur, has pledged to consult as widely as possible with the warring parties to try to find a lasting solution.

    Bassolé assumed his duties in El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur state and the headquarters of the hybrid UN-AU peacekeeping force (known as UNAMID).

    According to the UN news release, the chief mediator stressed that any negotiations to resolve the five-year conflict that has killed an estimated 300,000 people and displaced 2.7 million others cannot take place in a climate of tension and mistrust.

    "We have to put mechanisms in place that will not only allow a sustained ceasefire, but will also help avoid reoccurrence of violent incidents," he said.

    Bassole said his priority was to hold talks with all the players on the ground in Darfur, where the number of rebel groups has splintered in the past year or so from a handful to around 30.

    "The important phase for my assignment obviously is to get in touch with all the players on the ground so that I can absorb the realities on the ground, and to organize quite quickly a few work sessions so as to directly engage the issues," Bassole said.

    Rodolphe Adada, the head of UNAMID and the Joint Special Representative of the UN and the AU in the region, met with Bassole on Thursday and promised that the mission would do everything it could to back his peace efforts.

    Bassole is slated to visit South Darfur and West Darfur over the next four days before returning to Khartoum, the national capital.

    Commenting on the recent incident in Kalma camp in South Darfur, in which 32 people, among them women and children lost their lives, Bassole announced that measures would be put in place to mitigate such a sad episode.

    "One can not consider lightly any event which has caused such a tragic loss ... obviously everyone has his own share of responsibility," the JCM said.

    Bassole said he did wish that Internally Displaced People (IDP)camps remain safe and secure areas so that the kind of violence that just occurred doesn't happen again.

    JCM who said he understood the concerns of government and also those of the armed groups, stated however that "we have to sit around the table and find solutions that make everyone secure.
 
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on September 16, 2008, 08:57:37 PM
Chad, Sudan to renew diplomatic ties, create peacekeeping force
11 hours ago

LIBREVILLE (AFP) — Sudan and Chad are to restore diplomatic relations, which broke off in May, mediators said Tuesday, paving the way to create a peacekeeping and security force on their common border.

The contact group, which comprises Gabon, Libya, Congo, Senegal, Eritrea, Chad and Sudan, issued a statement Tuesday confirming the breakthrough, five months after Khartoum severed ties accusing Ndjamena of backing rebels in its Darfur region.

"Fruitful exchanges have enabled the firm commitment of Chad and Sudan to formally restore diplomatic relations with the exchange of ambassadors before the contact group's sixth meeting in October in Ndjamena," it said.

The statement came after a contact group meeting on Friday to discuss the issue in the Eritrean capital Asmara.

The meeting also decided to finalise preparations for a security force of 1,000 Sudanese and 1,000 Chadian soldiers to protect observers who would monitor the border.

"The contact group is committed to deploying a peacekeeping and security force as soon as possible and open an operational command centre in Tripoli," the Libyan capital, the statement said.

The details on the organisation of the security forces still have to be "finalised", Chad's Foreign Minister Moussa Faki told AFP on Tuesday.

"We will have to finalise all that," Faki said by telephone from Libreville. "The principle has been agreed. Chad supplies 1,000 men and Sudan supplies another 1,000."

But Faki ruled out further joint operations between Chad and Sudan, except those carried out under the control of EUFOR, the EU's peacekeeping mission which has a presence in central Africa.

Chadian rebels welcomed the agreement but threatened to take arms again if "a true peace process was not set in motion," rebel leader Abderaman Koulamallah told AFP.

"We reiterate our desire for a true peace process in Chad. If there is no peace process, there will be war," he said.

Sudan broke off diplomatic relations with Chad in May after Darfur rebels of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) launched an attack near the capital Sudanese capital, Khartoum.

Chad denied any involvement but relations between the two countries have long been difficult, with each country denying the other's accusations that they are supporting rebel movements fighting against their respective regimes.

"Sudan needs to sort out the problem of Darfur and stop trying to make itself believe that Chad is part of the problem," Faki said.

The two countries also broke off diplomatic relations in 2006 for four months after a rebel attack on Chad.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on September 16, 2008, 08:58:14 PM
Mbeki: ICC case against al-Bashir bad for Darfur
7 hours ago

KHARTOUM, Sudan (AP) — South Africa's president said Tuesday the prosecution of his Sudanese counterpart for genocide in Darfur would undermine efforts to resolve the 5-year-old conflict there.

The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in July sought to charge Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir for genocide in Darfur and asked the court for an arrest warrant. No decision has been issued.

Thabo Mbeki told reporters after his two-day trip to Khartoum that prosecuting al-Bashir would be counterproductive.

"This (prosecution) will not help to resolve the challenges that we are facing in the Sudan," Mbeki told reporters at a news conference with al-Bashir. "It could not make any positive contribution in that regard and therefore we are against it."

A statement by Mbeki later said the prosecution "could seriously undermine the ongoing efforts aimed at facilitating the early resolution of the conflict in Darfur and the promotion of long-lasting peace and reconciliation in the Sudan."

He added that it would only lead to further suffering for the Sudanese and would destabilize the region.

South Africa and Libya, backed by veto-wielding Russia and China, have pushed for a U.N. Security council resolution to hold off for a year any efforts to prosecute al-Bashir. Critics say freezing the prosecution would embolden the government.

Up to 300,000 people have been killed and more than 2.5 million people displaced since the conflict erupted in 2003 between ethnic African rebels and the Arab-dominated government and its militia. The rebels complained of discrimination and neglect for their far-flung western region.

Efforts to reach a peace deal have resulted in a largely ignored treaty and cease-fire, while the conflict became more intractable and complex.

Another two-decade-old conflict between the north and south only ended in 2005 with a power sharing deal.

Mbeki said his country and the regional African Union will work to persuade opponents that the prosecution is counterproductive.
Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on September 22, 2008, 06:34:00 PM
ICC prosecutor to hold talks on Darfur case

The Associated PressPublished: September 22, 2008


THE HAGUE, Netherlands: The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court is traveling to the United Nations to urge world leaders not to freeze his Darfur genocide case against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir.

Sudan is sending a delegation to this week's General Assembly to lobby for the case to be suspended. The African Union also wants the case to be put on ice.

Luis Moreno-Ocampo alleges al-Bashir is behind attempts to wipe out members of three African tribes in Sudan's western Darfur province.

He says his request for the world's first permanent war crimes court to issue an arrest warrant for al-Bashir is a challenge to the international community.

In a statement Monday, Moreno-Ocampo said world leaders "have to protect the victims."

Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on September 22, 2008, 06:49:30 PM
SHRO condemns attacks in North Darfur, urges government to respect UN staff

Tuesday 23 September 2008 00:35.

THE SUDAN HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION – CAIRO
September 20, 2008 — The Sudan Human Rights Organization – Cairo is deeply concerned over military attacks recently launched by the government troops and militias on a number of villages in North Darfur: The government forces attacked al-Tawila village twice between August 6 and 8, leaving behind scores of murdered citizens and other serious casualties. In the meantime, the army air force launched harsher attacks on the villages of Teeri, al-‘Ardibat, a-Ushara, Dobo, Ardeem, Um-Mihairik, Mangeeria, Katour, Deesa, and Beer Mazza.

The Organization condemns in the strongest terms possible the attack launched on August 25th by the security and police forces on the Kalma camp east of Niyala, of which tens of the displaced people were massacred, including children, women, and elderly citizens. The transgressing forces placed Kalma and the surrounding camps under siege, as a part of State plans to force the displaced citizens to abandon the camps. These unlawful acts constituted gross violation of the international humanitarian law to which Sudan is obligated as a State Party, especially Article 3 of the Geneva Protocols.

SHRO-Cairo is gravely concerned for the continuous escalation of the humanitarian crisis in Darfur and the dehumanizing policies of the Government of Sudan against the powerless women, children, and elderly citizens in the camps. To improve this situation, we strongly urge the government to cooperate closely with all UN staff in the country, especially the UN Special Rapporteur Sima Samar.

We call on the government and all warring groups to honour the cease fire most recently arranged in the holy month of Ramadan.

We call on the UNAMID to play an active role in the protection and safety of the displaced people, as a part of its mandate. In this regard, the governmen should facilitate all UN activities.

We urge all parties to expedite the effort to bring about a political settlement for the crisis in Darfur. The regional and international parties are strongly urged to exert the strongest pressure possible on the warring groups to end the ongoing war by an All-Sudanese conference under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union.

Title: Re: ...N..I...G...G...L...I...N...G.>>>>>>>>>> Who cares about Dark Skinned People?
Post by: ! B L U E WAR R I O R..! on October 15, 2008, 09:32:32 PM
...more arrests on the way...

Reported detention of Darfur crimes suspect welcome: UN
8 hours ago

UNITED NATIONS (AFP) — Reports that Sudan has detained militia leader Ali Kosheib for crimes in Darfur are a "welcome step" toward ending impunity in the war-torn region, UN spokeswoman Michele Montas said Wednesday.

"If confirmed, this is a welcome step towards the vital need to end impunity and bring to justice those responsible for crimes in Darfur," she told a press briefing.

She said UN chief Ban Ki-moon had taken note of the reported development.

Tuesday, Idris Suleiman, deputy head of Sudan's mission in Cairo, said that Kosheib, the Khartoum-backed Janjaweed militia leader, would be brought to court in Darfur at a date set by a judge, "likely in the next week."

Suleiman said Kosheib has been in custody for months, and that the probe accelerated after the justice ministry appointed a special prosecutor in August and access to witnesses became easier.

Thirteen cases of crimes in Darfur are being investigated, he said, although he declined to say how many suspects were involved.

The International Criminal Court, whose chief prosecutor is asking for a warrant for Sudanese President Omar el-Beshir, issued a warrant for Kosheib in 2007 for crimes against humanity and war crimes.

The court said Kosheib enlisted, armed, funded and supplied the Janjaweed militia and "personally participated in some of the attacks against civilians."

The ICC also issued a warrant for Sudanese cabinet minister Ahmed Harun, but Suleiman said there had been no investigation of Harun in Sudan.